Samson Mason ( born July 24, 1793 in Fort Ann, Washington County, New York, † February 1, 1869 in Springfield, Ohio ) was an American politician. Between 1835 and 1843 he represented the State of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Samson Mason attended the public schools in Onondaga. After a subsequent study of law and qualifying as a lawyer, he started working in Springfield in this profession. In 1822, he was a prosecutor in the local Clark County. In the 1820s he joined the movement against the future President Andrew Jackson. Later he became a member of the Whig party. From 1829 to 1831 he was a member of the Senate of Ohio; in 1834 he was Chief Judge of the Court of Appeal.
In the congressional elections of 1834, Mason was in the tenth electoral district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Joseph Vance on March 4, 1835. After three re- elections, he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1843 four legislative sessions. Until 1837 was debated in Congress still violently on the policies of President Jackson. The time from 1841 was marked by the tensions between President John Tyler and the Whigs. It was also at that time already been discussed about a possible annexation of the independent Republic of Texas since 1836 by Mexico. From 1835 to 1837 headed the Committee on Revisal Samson Mason and Unfinished Business. In 1842 he gave up another candidacy.
Between 1845 and 1846, sat as Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives from Mason Ohio. In 1850 he was a delegate to a constitutional convention of his state. Between 1850 and 1853 he was a federal prosecutor for Ohio. Later, he was from 1862 to 1864 again a member of the State Senate. Mason also served in the state militia of Ohio, in which he rose from captain to major general. He died on 1 February 1869 in Springfield, where he was also buried.