Mell G. Underwood

Mell Gilbert Underwood ( born January 30, 1892 in Rose Farm, Morgan County, Ohio; † March 8, 1972 in New Lexington, Ohio) was an American lawyer and politician. Between 1923 and 1936 he represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives; then he became a federal judge.


Mell Underwood attended the public schools of his home. In 1911 he graduated from the New Lexington High School. In the following years he worked as a teacher in New Lexington. After studying law at Ohio State University in Columbus and his 1915 was admitted to the bar he began to work in New Lexington in this profession. Between 1917 and 1921 he was a prosecutor in Perry County. At the same time he proposed as a member of the Democratic Party launched a political career. In 1920 he ran unsuccessfully for even the U.S. House of Representatives.

In the congressional elections of 1922, Underwood was but then in the eleventh electoral district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of the Republican Edwin D. Ricketts on March 4, 1923. After six re- elections he could remain until his resignation on 10 April 1936 at the Congress. During this time, the early 1930s was the Great Depression. Since 1933, the first of the New Deal legislation of the Federal Government were adopted under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. 1935, the provisions of the 20th Amendment to the Constitution were first applied, after which the term of the Congress ends or begins on January 3.

From 1931 to 1936 Underwood was chairman of the Committee on Invalid Pensions. His resignation took place after his appointment as a judge at the Federal District Court for the Southern part of the State of Ohio as a successor to the late Benson W. Hough. This post he held until retirement on 30 June 1967. He died on March 8, 1972 on his farm near New Lexington.