Lewis D. Campbell

Lewis Davis Campbell ( born August 9, 1811 in Franklin, Ohio; † November 26, 1882 in Hamilton, Ohio) was an American diplomat and politician of the United States Whig Party and the Democratic Party. From March 4, 1849 to May 25, 1858 and March 4, 1871 to March 3, 1873 he was a member of the House of Representatives of the United States for the 2nd and 3rd Congressional District of the State of Ohio. Of 4 May 1866 to 16 June 1867, he was the ambassador of the United States in Mexico.


Lewis Campbell was born in Franklin, the son of Samuel Campbell and Mary Small. There he attended the public schools. From 1828 to 1831 he learned the art of printing. Subsequently, he was editor of the Cincinnati Gazette. From 1831 to 1835 he was editor of a newspaper in Hamilton. During this time he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1835. Until 1850 he worked as a lawyer in Hamilton. In the 1840s, he then worked in the private sector.

Already a candidate in the congressional elections in 1840, 1842 and 1844 Campbell for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, but failed. 1848 Finally, he was elected as a candidate of the United States Whig party in the U.S. House of Representatives in the 2nd District of Ohio. He followed there on David Fisher. In 1850 he was re-elected. According to the census of 1850, the limits of Congress districts in Ohio have been re-cut. Henceforth, he represented the 3rd District. After the United States Whig party gradually broke up, Campbell was re-elected in 1854 as the Know-Nothing candidate in the House. There he took up the chair of the 1857 Committee on Ways and Means. 1856 Finally, he was elected as a non-party candidate of the Republican Party again again. 1858 was decided by a 107 to 100 majority in the House, the Campbell his mandate was not worthy. He was then ruled out. His successor was Clement Vallandigham.

1861 and 1862 he was Colonel of the Union Army in the Civil War. He retired due to his health from the Army. From President Andrew Johnson, he was appointed ambassador of the United States in Mexico in 1866. On 4 May 1866 he took office. General William T. Sherman was placed by his side. June 16, 1867, he resigned his office and returned to Ohio.

In 1869, he then sat in the State Senate. In 1870 he was re-elected as a candidate of the Democratic Party in the 3rd District of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1872, he could no longer put up for re-election.

Campbell was married to Jane Reily since 1836. He died in 1882 in Hamilton and was buried there in the Greenwood Cemetery. His nephew, James E. Campbell, sat from 1884 to 1889 also in the U.S. House of Representatives and was from 1890 to 1892 the 38th Governor of Ohio.