Columbus Delano

Columbus Delano ( born June 4, 1809 in Shoreham, Vermont, † October 23, 1896 in Mount Vernon, Ohio ) was an American politician, who was the Cabinet of President Ulysses S. Grant as Minister of the Interior.


When Columbus Delano was eight years old, his parents moved with him to Ohio, where the family settled in Knox County. The city of Mount Vernon would be his home for the rest of his life. After school he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1831. He worked as a lawyer in Mount Vernon and later became district attorney of Knox County.


His political career began at the Whigs, which until 1847 he was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1845 for the first time. He gave up another candidacy because he preferred to do politics in his home state. A candidacy for governor of Ohio in 1847 but remained unsuccessful.

After the demise of the Whig Party to Delano joined the Republicans and was a delegate Ohio in 1860 attended the Republican National Convention in Chicago, where he supported the nomination of Abraham Lincoln 's presidential candidate. In 1862 he ran for a seat in the U.S. Senate, but was defeated his opponent with a gap of only two votes. The following year he was elected to the House of Representatives from Ohio; In 1865, he then returned to the U.S. House of Representatives. The re-election in 1866, though he lost to George W. Morgan, but Delano contested the election and won the case, and he could take his seat at the June 3, 1868 again. For re-election, he no longer went to, so he resigned from the Congress on March 3, 1869.

Subsequently, he worked as head of the tax authority ( Commissioner of Internal Revenue ) worked before he was appointed as the successor of President Grant resigned Interior Minister Jacob Dolson Cox on November 1, 1870 in his cabinet. He also had with the diverse and growing number of tasks of the Ministry to fight as well as with the corruption within the agency as its predecessor. Nevertheless, he retained the post until October 19, 1875, and thus longer than any other minister of the interior in the 19th century. Reason for his resignation were evidence that his son John, who worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs, had also been guilty of corruption.

After retiring from the Cabinet Columbus Delano returned to Mount Vernon, where he served as president of the local First National Bank in the next 20 years. He died there in October 1896.


During his tenure as Minister of the Interior, on 14 July 1873, the city was named Delano in California after him.