Elias Florence (* February 15, 1797 in Fauquier County, Virginia; † November 21, 1880 in Muhlenberg, Ohio ) was an American politician. Between 1843 and 1845 he represented the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Elias Florence attended the common schools and worked in agriculture. Later he moved to Circleville in Ohio, where he struck a political career. In the years 1829, 1830, 1834, and 1840 he was a deputy in the House of Representatives from Ohio; In 1835 he was a member of the State Senate. He joined the founded in the 1830s Whig party.
In the congressional elections of 1842 Florence was the ninth election district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became in 1843 successor of William Medill on March 4. Until March 3, 1845, he was able to complete a term in Congress. This period was characterized by the tensions between President John Tyler and the Whigs. It was also at that time already been discussed about a possible annexation of the independent Republic of Texas since 1836 by Mexico.
After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives Elias Florence operated again in agriculture. In 1850 he was a delegate to a constitutional convention of his state. He died on 21 November 1880 in Muhlenberg and was buried in Circleville.