J. Lister Hill

Joseph Lister Hill ( born December 29, 1894 in Montgomery, Alabama, † December 21, 1984 ) was a politician in the United States. He was a member of the House of Representatives and the Senate of the United States for the state of Alabama.


Joseph Lister Hill, son of Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill, was born on December 29, 1894 in Montgomery, Alabama. He was named after Dr. Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, the father of antiseptic surgery, named. Hill graduated from Strong University in Montgomery. He also recorded with sixteen at the University of Alabama and received his PhD in four years later with a jurisprudential diploma and a Phi Beta Kappa key. While studying at the University of Alabama, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon. He was also the founder of the Student Government Association ( SGA) and its first president. In addition, he was the founder of Jason's Senior Men's Honorary ( which the University hired later, but forgave him in 1976 for his Allmann policy. This ceremony took place every spring held at the Franklin Mound and only thirty-one other men were granted. ) And The Machine ( the local chapter of the Theta Nu Epsilon ).

He also studied law at the law department of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and at Columbia Law School in New York City. His license to practice law in Alabama, he got in 1916 and then opened a practice in Montgomery, Alabama. He was also the Chairman of Montgomerie's Education Committee between committee 1917 and 1922.


Hill was elected on 14 August 1923 as a member of the Second District of Alabama in the Congress, to fill the empty space that was created by the death of Rep. John R. Tyson. During this time he was chairman of the United States House Committee on Military Affairs, and in 1938 was nominated for the United States Senate, as Senator Hugo Black moved to the Supreme Court. Subsequently, Hill was elected as a Democrat on April 26, 1938 in the Senate to fill the vacancy that was created by the resignation of Senator Dixie Bibb Graves. Their term of office would have expired on January 3, 1939. Hill was then in 1938, 1944, 1950, 1956 and 1962, re-elected to the U.S. Senate. Then he resigned in January 1969. His term was thus EUR from 11 January 1938 to 3 January 1969.

Hill was known as a moderate senator. He was identified in a wide number of fields, best known for his landmark policy in the field of public health. Perhaps the most famous act, which bears his name, the Hospital and Health Center Construction Act is from 1946, better known as the Hill -Burton Act. He also supported the Hill -Harris Act of 1963, the funds ready made ​​for the under-construction facilities for the mentally retarded and mentally ill. In addition, he was known as a means dienendster man in Congress, when it came to gaining strong support for medical research at the nation 's medical schools and other research institutions. He also supported other important laws, including the TVA Act ​​, the Rural Telephone Act, the Rural Housing Act, the Vocational Education Act and the National Defense Education Act. He signed the 1956 Southern Manifesto, in which the judgment of the Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education was sentenced. By this judgment, racial segregation was aufgehobe on the schools. ( Hill was a close friend of the Supreme Court judge and fellow Alabamian Hugo L. Black, who voted for Brown).

Lister Hill was also a national figure as well as a deputy from Alabama and the South. During his long years in Congress, he broke off and with his Southern colleagues and followed his own conscience. For example, on the contrary to most Southerners in Congress, he advocated a Bundesölbohrschutzgesetz that tax revenue should provide this for education.

Hill was 1941-1947 Majority Whip of the Senate. In addition, he was Chairman of the Senate Labor and Social Assistance Committee, the important laws treated to the veterans training, health, hospitals, libraries, and content relationships. He was also a member of the grants committee of the Senate and the Democratic policy committees of the Senate. He received honorary diploma from 13 colleges and universities, including the University of Alabama and Auburn University. He was a Methodist, a Mason, a United States Army veteran of World War II in the seventeenth and einundziebzigsten infantry regiments, as well as a member of the American Legion.

Joseph Lister Hill died on 21 December 1984 in Montgomery, Alabama. He was buried in the Greenwood Cemetery.