Edward Stanly ( born January 10, 1810 in New Bern, North Carolina; † July 12, 1872 in San Francisco, California ) was an American politician. Between 1837 and 1853 he represented two times the state of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Edward Stanly was the son of Congressman John Stanly (1774-1834) and a cousin of U.S. Senator and Secretary of the Navy George Edmund Badger ( 1795-1866 ). He attended New Bern Academy and then studied until 1829 at the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy at Norwich University in Vermont. After a subsequent law degree in 1832 and its recent approval as a lawyer, he began to work in his new job in Washington (North Carolina). At the same time he proposed as a member of the Whig Party launched a political career.
In the congressional elections of 1836 Stanly was in the third constituency of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Ebenezer Pettigrew on March 4, 1837. After two re- election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1843 three legislative periods. From 1839 to 1841 he was Chairman of the Committee for the control of expenditures for public buildings. Between 1841 and 1843 he headed the Military Committee. In Congress he was a supporter of a strong federal government and thus stood in opposition to many politicians from the South who fought for the rights of individual states to the federal government.
In 1842, Edward Stanly was not re-elected, which was partly due to an unfavorable for him reorganization of electoral districts in his state. Between 1844 and 1849 he was several times delegate in the House of Representatives from North Carolina, he served as its chairman from 1844 to 1846. In 1847 he was attorney general of his state for a short time. In the 1848 elections Stanly was elected to Congress again in the eighth district of North Carolina, where he Richard Spaight Donnell replaced on March 4, 1849. After a re-election, he could spend up to March 3, 1853 two other legislatures in the U.S. House of Representatives.
After retiring from Congress Edward Stanly moved in 1853 to California. There he became a member of the Republican Party, founded in 1854. In 1857 he ran unsuccessfully for the governorship of California. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he returned to the East, where he supported the Union. On May 26, 1862, he was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln military governor for the areas controlled by the Union parts of North Carolina. He held the rank of brigadier general. Stanly officiated until March 2, 1863; then he resigned due to disagreements with the president on the issue of abolition of slavery. He then moved back to California, where he practiced law. Edward Stanly died on July 12, 1872 in San Francisco.