Josiah Crudup ( born January 13, 1791 in Wakelon, Wake County, North Carolina, † May 20 1872 in Kittrell, North Carolina ) was an American politician. Between 1821 and 1823 he represented the State of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Josiah Crudup attended a private school in Louisburg, and afterwards studied at Columbian College, which later became George Washington University in Washington DC After a subsequent study of theology and of his ordination to the clergy of the Baptist church he practiced this profession, with the exception of his time as a congressman until his death. In addition, Crudup was a farmer. At the same time he began a political career as a member of the Democratic- Republican Party.
In 1820, Crudup was elected to the Senate from North Carolina. He also was a member of the House of Representatives of that State. In the congressional elections of 1820 he was elected the eighth constituency of North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington, where he became the successor of James Strudwick Smith on March 4, 1821. Since he has not been confirmed in 1822, he was able to complete only one term in Congress until March 3, 1823.
After his retirement from the U.S. House of Representatives to Josiah Cudrup operated again in agriculture and as a clergyman. In 1835 he was a delegate at a meeting on the revision of the Constitution of North Carolina. He died on May 20, 1872 near Kittrell.