Early years and political rise
Gabriel Holmes received his education at the Zion Parnassus Academy. He later studied at Harvard University. After successful completion of his law studies, he was admitted to the bar in 1790. Then he opened in his hometown of Clinton, a law firm.
In 1794 he was elected to the House of Representatives from North Carolina, where he remained until 1795. From 1797 to 1802 and again from 1812 to 1813 he sat in the Senate in his home state. In 1821 he was elected as the successor of Jesse Franklin governor of North Carolina from the State Parliament.
Governor and congressman
Holmes was confirmed after his election in 1821 in the following two years each in his office. So he could make full use of the constitutional limit of three consecutive terms of office. His term began on December 7, 1821 and ended on December 7, 1824. During this time, a school tax was introduced in order to finance the improvement of the school system can. Otherwise, the governor has cut government spending in order to relieve the budget. In addition, he promoted agriculture.
After the end of his third and final term in December 1824 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. He entered this mandate on March 4, 1825 and kept it as a representative of the fifth congressional district of North Carolina until his death in September, 1829. Gabriel Holmes was married to Mary Smith Hunter, with whom he had six children. His son Theophilus H. Holmes was lieutenant general in the army of the Confederacy.