Superettan ( German: The Super One ) is the second highest division in Swedish football.
Before 1924, the Allsvenskan was introduced as the first league, there were in league form discharged regional championships, the winners playing off the Swedish champions. These regional leagues remained as base for Allsvenskan initially exist, the masters played in two games, the Rise Up to the elite series from.
In 1928, with the then Division 2 designated second league, a new base was introduced. In the early days of the league comprised 20 teams, competed against each other in two regionally divided squadrons of ten clubs, Division 2 Södra or Division 2 Norra. In 1932 under the name of Division 2 Östra or Division 2 Västra added two more seasons, so that a total of 40 teams played in the second division. The four champions of the leagues had to determine in the playoffs two newly promoted to Allsvenskan.
For the season 1946/47, the number of seasons, and thus also of the clubs was reduced again. Again, ten teams played in Division 2 or Division 2 Nordöstra Sydvästra for promotion to the Allsvenskan. The Master went on directly, so that the former ascent games accounted for.
1953 was the next change in the league system, since now total Sweden was covered. The previously excluded clubs from the north of Sweden, which had not been taken into account, especially because of the long travel paths for economic reasons, were allowed to participate in the above Swedish leagues. Thus, the Division 2 was extended again to 30 teams in three seasons playing for the achievement of the Elite series. This will also yielded three climbers. The division was soon criticized because the Götaland region from which, after all, more than half of the clubs were in total Sweden, has not been adequately addressed. So was replenished a fourth season after two seasons, two seasons hosted clubs from Götaland. This playoffs were needed again and the number of climbers reduced to two teams again.
In the season 1957/58 the course of the season of Fall / Spring has been converted to a seasonal trend within the calendar year. Therefore di game time was extended to one and a half years, so the teams had to compete in three competitive games against each other. From 1960, the Four Masters teams played in a group, each with an encounter against each other, the first two went on.
In the early 1970s, the League was reformed again fundamentally. After the end of the season 1971, the number of seasons has been reduced to three in each of twelve teams played for the climb. The rise of games accounted for again, the three masters came in the Allsvenskan. In the following season, there were only two seasons, each with 14 teams, however, again only two riders.
In 1981, the first two leagues were reduced from 14 teams to twelve teams each. The Swedish Association determined that there was no direct relegated from Allsvenskan no direct or promoted. The two were last placed in relegation matches against the champion, with the teams from the first division, IF Elfsborg and Kalmar FF, each interspersed. At the same time, the last four teams got into two second division seasons from directly, the two placed in front of clubs were also in relegation matches. In the following years the two top finishers in each case were against the four Schlechtstplatzierten the Allsvenskan in relegation matches. 1984, the second division was increased again to 14 teams and the rise between the Master and the played each other in the Season runner-up.
In 1987, the league structure in Sweden has been revised. For the first leagues this meant in principle, no structural difference, but the name changed. The first league was officially named Allsvenskan. The second division was renamed the Division 1, Division 2 League in the third and so on. As in previous times when there were only two seasons, the rise was again by reaching the second division league title.
1991, the second division was reformed again fundamentally. Again, there were four seasons, but where this time only competed eight clubs. After the end of the round in the summer, the four masters came together with the four teams in the Allsvenskan schlechstplatziertesten in the so-called Kvalsvenskan to play out of these eight teams three qualified for the following season of Allsvenskan clubs. The-table rose from the Division 2. The remaining teams each played back for four seasons in the fall series each have a master and two other relegated. These four champions were in playoff games against each other, with the winners of those games played against the fourth-placed the Kvalsvenskan to the last place in the Allsvenskan. After two seasons, the system was abandoned and re-established two squadrons, each with 14 teams. The Master went on directly, while each of the second- competed in relegation matches against the third - or fourth- last of the Allsvenskan.
At the end of the 1999 the two squadrons Norrettan and Söderettan were combined so that starting from the season 2000 under the name Superettan a single, 16 -team second division was established. These rose six poorly -placed teams from the third division, which was now called Division 1. Henceforth, rose the two winners on directly, the Third- entered into relegation matches against the third last of the Allsvenskan.
In the next reform of the Swedish league system in 2005, in which, for example, the third league was summarized in two seasons, the Superettan was just like the Allsvenskan not affected.
The League consists of 16 professional and semi- professional teams. Two teams promoted to the Allsvenskan, a third play relegation matches against the third last of the top division. The teams ranked 15 and 16 rise directly from the third division and are replaced by the respective winners of Division 1 Norra and Division 1 Södra. The teams ranked 13 and 14 play relegation matches against the two runners-up in the two seasons of Division 1 season of Superettan enough as with all the Nordic leagues from spring to autumn, seasons why not, as in German-speaking countries such as Titled " season 96/97 ", but simply " season ( Sw: Säsong ) 1997 ".
All time standings
Eternal Table of Superettan
Since the introduction of Superettan in 2000 were 46 teams in this league.
Status: after the 2012 season Source:
League table of the Second Division
Since the introduction of a national second division (1928 /29) in Sweden took 242 teams participating. The following table is calculated according to the three - point rule. The autumn and spring seasons 1991 and 1992, go to this table as a half seasons. It lists the 20 most successful club and all participants of the 2013 season.
Status: after the 2012 season Source:
* In the club Åtvidabergs FF are the results of the Åtvidabergs IF ( 1932/33-34/35 ) in the Gefle IF Gefle IF / Brynas ( 1980-81 ), at the Panos Ljungskile Ljungskile SK SK ( 1998-2000) in those Väsby United FC Café Opera Djursholm ( 2000-03 ) and FC Café Opera United ( 2004) and Ängelholms FF Ängelholms of the IF ( 1934/35-39/40 ) included.