Donald Franciszek Tusk ([' dɔnalt fran't͡ɕiʃɛk tʊsk ] listen, / i;? Born April 22, 1957 in Gdańsk ) is a Polish politician and since 2002 Chairman of the co-founders of the liberal party Platforma Obywatelska (short PO, German Civic Platform ). Since November 2007 he has been Prime Minister of Poland.
- 4.1 Literature
- 4.2 External links
- 4.3 footnotes
Donald Tusk's grandparents were both paternal and maternal Kashubian ethnic minority in the former Free City of Danzig. They survived the Second World War despite forced labor and imprisonment in concentration camps Stutthof and Neuengamme. On August 2, 1944 Tusk's grandfather Józef Tusk ( 1907-1987 ) was called because of its German Reich citizenship for military service. Probably he deserted because he joined three months later on 24 November 1944, the Polish army in exile in the West at.
In the presidential elections in Poland in 2005, Donald Tusk, was in the election campaign of his political opponents, the Law and Justice party (PiS ), accused the brief membership of his grandfather into the Wehrmacht and he therefore denounced as " unpatriotic ".
Involvement in the Solidarity
Tusk's father was a carpenter and died before the son finished primary school. The suppression of the workers' uprising in 1970 has shaped political Tusk. He was active in the opposition to the communist regime in Poland. As a history student at the University of Gdansk, he was the late 1970s, the Student Committee of Solidarity in Gdansk co-founder. The establishment was a response to the death of the highly engaged in the opposition Krakauer students Stanisław Pyjas for which the opposition saw the Polish security service responsible. He was also for the opposition Free Trade Unions of the Coast Region (Polish Wolne związki zawodowe Wybrzeża ) operates. In 1980 he was one of the co-founders of the Independent Students' Association ( NZS ) in Gdansk. Tusk graduated in 1980 with a thesis about the myth and the legend of Józef Piłsudski.
A few months after the August 1980 strikes Tusk began work as a journalist with the weekly magazine " Samorządność " and was elected Chairman of the Operating Committee of Solidarność in the issuing publishing house in Gdansk. After the proclamation of martial law in December 1981, he was discharged because of his opposition activities from this state-owned publishing. From 1984 to 1989 he worked as a laborer at set up by the Gdansk opposition headed by Maciej Płażyński cooperative for work at height " Świetlik ," these works in the dizzying heights.
Liberal - Democratic Congress and Civic Platform
In 1989, Tusk, together with Jan Krzysztof Bielecki and Janusz Lewandowski, the party Liberal - Democratic Congress. In 1991, he became the party leader and the first time in the Sejm, the Polish Parliament elected. In 1992, he supported his party's vote of no confidence against Prime Minister Jan Olszewski and then the minority government under Prime Minister Hanna Suchocka. In 1993, the Sejm was dissolved and his party was in the following, early elections do not skip the five-percent hurdle. After the lost elections his party merged with the party Unia Demokratyczna of Tadeusz Mazowiecki to Unia Wolności ( UW). 1997 Tusk was elected with more than 230,000 votes in Gdansk in the Polish Senate.
In 2000 he left the UW after losing a battle with Geremek to the party chairmanship. In 2001, Tusk, together with Andrzej Olechowski and Maciej Płażyński the Civic Platform.
As a member of Sejm 2001-2005 he was deputy chairman, and before that from 1997 to 2001 Vice-Chairman of the Senate. His party he represented in Parliament as a fraction Officer of 2003 to 2006.
2005 presidential election
In the presidential election on October 9, 2005 Tusk scored in the first ballot 36.3 per cent of the vote, the best result of the candidates, but he missed the necessary majority of fifty percent. He had on 23 October 2005 on the ballot against the Mayor of Warsaw Lech Kaczyński ( 33.1 percent ) compete with and defeated 46.5 percent to 53.5 percent.
2007 parliamentary elections
In the made necessary by the collapse of the coalition government elections on 21 October 2007, Tusk and the Civic Platform interspersed with 41.51 percent of the vote against the Law and Justice party of Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński ( with around 32 percent of the vote ) by. The Civic Platform decreed in the Sejm, together with the Polish People's Party ( PSL) by Waldemar Pawlak, which primarily represents the interests of farmers, a majority of 240 of the 460 deputies. Both Parties agreed after the election victory to a coalition.
Since 16 November 2007, as Prime Minister Tusk, the Polish government. In his first policy speech, on 23 November 2007, he announced the speedy ratification of the Lisbon Treaty and the introduction of the euro in Poland. He also argued for an improvement in relations with Germany, which were strained in the tenure of his predecessor Kaczyński partially. Tusk, who is fluent in German, advertised in this context for the revival of the Weimar Triangle, so a close cooperation between Warsaw, Paris and Berlin.
Even during the election campaign for the parliamentary elections Tusk had been aggressive in bringing an international collaboration.
2011 parliamentary elections
In the parliamentary elections on 9 October 2011, the Civic Platform reached 39.2 percent of the vote. With 206 members it represents by far the largest group in the new Sejm. Together with the PSL ( and together with the traditionally the government camp subsequent German minority, which took a seat ) it comes to 235 (of 460) deputies. Is the first time since the beginning of the Third Polish Republic so that a government was confirmed in office. His re- election was held on 19 November 2011.
Donald Tusk is married to wife Małgorzata and the couple have a son and a daughter. His son Michał Tusk worked as a journalist at Gazeta Wyborcza and 2012 was involved in a business affair. Tusk lives in the spa town of Sopot near Gdansk lying.
- 2008: Order of El Sol del Perú
- 2010: Charles Price; among other things, for " the special use [ ... ] for the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty by the Republic of Poland " ( The laudation was the German Chancellor Angela Merkel. )
- Idea gdańskiego liberalizmu. Biblioteka Przeglądu Politycznego, Vol 1, Gdańsk 1998, ISBN 83-906004-0-4.
- Solidarność i duma. Gdańsk 2005, ISBN 83-7453-640-3, ISBN 83-912807-6-4.
Tusk is co-editor of the large-format photo book series Byl sobie Gdańsk ( Danzig German Once Upon a Time, ISBN 83-912807-9-9 ) as well as several photography books on Gdansk suburbs.