The company, Mazda Motor Corporation (Japaneseマツダ 株式会社Matsuda Kabushiki - gaisha ), listed on the Nikkei 225, is a Japanese automotive manufacturer based in Fuchū. In addition to production in Japan - the main plant in Fuchū and Hiroshima, the work Ujina in Ujina, Minami- ku, Hiroshima and the work Hōfu in Hōfu - were and Mazda models are manufactured at sites in all parts of the world.
The Ford Motor Company, the Mazda since 1979 maintains a strategic partnership, acquired in 1996 the controlling stake of 33.4 % of the ordinary shares of Mazda and has since been the main shareholder of Mazda Motor Corporation. On November 18 2008 Ford announced it had sold a 20% stake in Mazda. Ford, which was badly shaken by the financial crisis, had to further reduce its stake to just 3.5% (November 2010), making it only the fourth largest unitholder.
Today's Mazda Motor Corporation was founded in 1920 by Matsuda as Toyo Cork Jujiro Kōgyō KK (東洋 コルク 工業 株式会社, Toyo Koruku Kōgyō kabushiki - gaisha; Toyo Cork Kogyo Ltd. Engl. . ) Founded and dedicated to the processing of cork. 1927, the company was in Toyo Kōgyō K. K. (English Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd.). changed. 1928 machine components were first produced from 1930 to motorcycles were produced. From this time the name " Mazda " was used. On the one hand this name is to Ahura Mazda, the highest Zoroastrian God of wisdom and knowledge ajar, on the other hand corresponds to Mazda in the word sound of the pronunciation of the name of the founder, Matsuda.
Mid-1930s, the development of motorized tricycles and trucks was driven, who came as Mazda Mazdago on the market. There was also a company division rock drill.
During the Second World War, the company was involved in the Japanese armor.
In 1950 Mazda producing small truck with three or four wheels again.
The first car from Mazda will appear on May 28, 1960 in Japan on the market: a small coupe, the Mazda R360. In 1961, a license agreement with the German company NSU for the use and development of rotary engines was closed. From 1967, the Mazda Cosmo 110 S was produced by a two -rotor Wankel engine.
In 1972, the Mazda Mazda Motors Germany GmbH as German branch and began the construction of the German Mazda's headquarters in Hilden. A year later, sales of Mazda models in Germany began.
1979 Mazda pulled Germany from Hilden to Leverkusen - hit village to where in January 2012, the Germany - as well as the European headquarters were still to be found. In 1984, the company named Matsuda KK ( engl. Mazda Motor Corp.). around.
In 1989, Mazda made it with his Roadster MX-5 to rekindle the enthusiasm for open sports cars in Europe and North America again.
In 1991, Mazda also achieved a breakthrough in motor sport. As the first and so far the only Japanese carmaker succeeded Mazda with the Mazda 787B, powered by a 700 -hp four - rotor Wankel engine, the victory in the 24 Hours of Le Mans with two laps to carry off ahead of Jaguar.
Overview of automotive brands Mazdas
- Autozam (J, 1989 )
- Efini (J, 1990-1997, only active as a dealer network )
- Eunos (AUS, J and ASEAN, 1989-1999 )
- M2 (Japan, 1991-1995 )
Some Mazda models of the past
Models with rotary engine
- Mazda Cosmo Sport 110 S ( 1967-1972 ) 1st series Wankel engine with twin-disc
- Mazda R100 ( 1968-1975 )
- Mazda R130 ( 1969-1972 ) coupe with 13A rotary engine
- Mazda RX- 2 (1971-1974)
- Mazda RX- 3 (1972-1977) versions of coupe, sedan and Caravan
- Mazda RX- 4 (1972-1977) versions of coupe, sedan and Caravan
- Sold Mazda Rotary Pickup (1973-1977) only in the U.S.
- Mazda Parkway Rotary 26 (1974-1976) first bus with a Wankel engine
- Mazda Road Pacer AP (1975-1977)
- Mazda RX- 5 (1975-1981)
- Mazda Luce Legato (1977-1981) Topversion 929L
- Mazda Cosmo AP RX- 5 (1981-1990)
- Mazda Luce (1981-1986) top version 929
- Mazda Luce (1986-1991) top version 929
- Eunos Cosmo (1990-1995) first series Excessive car with triple disc rotary engine
- Mazda RX- 7 (1978-2002) Series SA ( FB), FC, FD
- Mazda RX- 8 (2003-2012)
Models with reciprocating engine
- Mazda R 360 (1960-1964)
- Mazda Carol in Japan (since 1962 )
- Mazda 800 / Mazda 1000 / Mazda 1300 ( 1964-1976 )
- Mazda 1500/ 1800 Mazda
- Mazda 121 (1988-2003)
- Mazda 323 (1977-2003)
- Mazda 616 (1970-1977)
- Mazda 626 (1979-2002)
- Mazda 818 (1973-1979)
- Mazda 929 (1973-1992)
- Mazda Xedos 6 (1992-1999)
- Mazda Xedos 9 (1993-2002)
- Mazda MX- 3 (1991-1998)
- Mazda MX -5 ( 1989 )
- Mazda MX- 6 (1987-1997)
- Mazda MPV ( since 1988, in Germany from 1994 to 2005 )
- Mazda Premacy (1999-2005)
- Mazda Tribute (2000-2008)
- Mazda B-Series (1994-2006)
- Mazda 787B, 4 - rotor Wankel engine
- Mazda T616, Team LOLA - 1984 Daytona 24 hour race
Current Mazda models
Mazda went a way against the market trend in the development of the two. The new has become shorter in contrast to his predecessor by 4 inches and weighs 100 kg less. Due to the sophisticated aerodynamics succeeded Mazda to build a vehicle emitting 130g/km of CO ² already under ( 1.3 L engine ).
Standard features of the 2 ABS, DSC ( ESP), TCS, 6 airbags ( front / side / head - shoulder) and a new, made of high-strength steel passenger cell (5 stars in the Euro NCAP )
Since June 2008, the Mazda 2 is also available as a three-door sports.
In the fall of 2010 mainly concerned the optics model refinement was performed.
Since June 2005, the diesel models of the Mazda3 will be fitted with particulate filters.
In July 2006, the current model received a facelift: new exterior colors and visual enhancement indoors.
In April 2009, the second generation came on the market, based on the Ford Focus. The body styles included as usual oblique and notchback.
Since mid-October 2011, the Mazda3 with revised technique and modifications to design and chassis is available.
In the fall of 2013, the third generation of the Mazda3 came on the market. In addition to the modernized appearance in the " Kodo " design keep the compact model, the new Skyactiv engines feeder. The Stufenheckvarainte came in early 2014 in the trade.
The Mazda3 MPS is powered by a 2.3-liter turbo engine with gasoline direct injection, which delivers an output of 191 kW (260 hp) and a maximum torque of 380 Nm. The power output is via a manual six - speed gearbox and a limited slip differential on the front wheels. This makes the MPS one of the most powerful series-production vehicles with front wheel drive. A dependent of gear selection and steering angle filling and boost pressure control improves traction. The top speed is electronically limited to 250 km / hr.
In October 2009, a new generation came from the Mazda3 MPS on the market.
In autumn 2010, the second generation of the Mazda5 was introduced.
In February 2008, the second-generation Mazda6 was (factory internal designation GH, formerly GG / GY) presented in the sedan and hatchback, as of April 2008, he was again available as SportCombi. He has grown compared to the previous model in all size measurements (length 6.5 cm, 1.5 cm width, height 1 cm). Despite the increase in size it is up to 50kg become easier, along with sophisticated aerodynamics ( Cd value 0.27 to 0.28 ) and the known, but revised 1.8 and 2.0 liter petrol engines ( 120-147 hp), but also up to 13% more fuel efficient. A newly developed 2.5 liter engine with 125 kW/170 hp completes the range upwards. The well-known 2.0 -liter common - rail diesel engine now makes 103 kW/140 hp and 330 Nm. In-room facilities include, inter alia, Bi-Xenon headlights with cornering lights, Parking sensors front / rear, tire pressure control, autm. dimming inside mirror, Bose sound system with CD changer and MP3, Bluetooth hands-free with Voice Control and much more
Since February 2013, is the third edition of the Mazda 6 on Europe's roads. The newly designed body was like that of the CX-5, taking account of the mission statement " Kodo - Soul of Motion" and shows many curved transitions and lines. The third generation has new engines, including two diesels with 150 and 175 hp and three petrol engines with 146, 165 and 192 hp. Particular attention is paid to the Skyactiv technology, the compression of 14:1 for both gasoline and diesel engines in the road-going series production a not yet seen-before value. In addition to the body and the engine are also numerous new technical features, see inter alia, a City Emergency Brake Assist, which brakes the car automatically in case of danger, and at low speed. Also, Mazda introduces the so-called I- ELOOP system with which the energy from braking is stored in a capacitor and etc. these acts for the lights, radio as an additional power source. This allows the motor is greatly relieved and can use its full force for the ride which simultaneously brings fuel-saving Auswkirkungen with it. As a further feature Mazda offers the first time the estate version (which, moreover shorter than the sedan ) at the same price as the sedan.
It is equipped with three different engines, including a petrol and two diesel, offered.
This is also reflected in the design. Thus, the CX -7 contains a sports car elements, such as the rising to the rear fender line, the massive front apron with large air intake, and the large 18 -inch wheels. The design leans noticeably to the Mazda RX -8.
It was introduced in spring 2006 in the U.S. and in Europe in autumn 2007 on the market.
The CX -7 is powered by the, already known from the Mazda6 MPS, 2.3 -liter MZR DISI Turbo engine developing in the U.S. version 179 kW ( 258 hp ) and generates 380 Nm of torque. Transmitting the force over the, also known from the Mazda6 MPS, four-wheel drive 4WD with ATS ( Active Torque Split), which is calculated by the traction sensors, and up to 50 % of the engine power is hinged to the rear axle. It is shifted in the CX -7 exclusively via 6- speed manual transmission.
The second generation is sold since the end of 2011, an import to Europe for the time being, however, not provided.
- Dimensions Length 4280 mm
- Width 1900 mm
- Height 1260 mm
- Wheelbase 2800 mm
- Engine Type MZR 2.5 liter flex-fuel E85/Benzin
- Transmission type 6 - speed automatic
- Drive to the front wheels
- Tire size 245/35 R21 93W
- Tire manufacturer Toyo ProxS
More Concept cars are the Mazda Furai and the Mazda Taiki.
- In 2004, Mazda brought a book with probably the greatest format in the world out: 3.07 m × 3.42 m.
- In February 2007, the new concept car, the Mazda Hakaze, celebrated its world premiere in Second Life. The model can be driven there on the Mazda Island " Nagare Iceland " virtual sample.