Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Address: 4790 West 16th Street Speedway, Indiana 46222
39.794853350694 - 86.234822273254Koordinaten: 39 ° 47 ' 41 "N, 86 ° 14' 5 " W
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is a race track in Speedway, a city in the U.S., which is completely surrounded by the city of Indianapolis. The Super Speedway is an oval with a length of four kilometers (2.5 miles). At the race track find 300,000 spectators; it is thus the largest sports stadium in the United States. The track is the venue for the Indianapolis 500, the Brickyard 400 and the Grand Prix of Indianapolis as part of the motorcycle world championship. The track was recorded in 1975 in the National Register of Historic Places and declared 1987 a National Historic Landmark.
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is the older and larger of the two major motor sports facilities in Indianapolis, next to the only twelve kilometer ( 7.5 mi) away, Lucas Oil Raceway at Indianapolis.
- 4.1 See also
- 4.2 Literature
- 4.3 External links
- 4.4 Notes and references
The entrepreneur Carl Graham Fisher from Indiana, who is an enthusiastic racing driver, employed since 1903, with the " need for a" test section of three to five miles. " He was supported by Frederick E. Moskovics, the manager of the car maker Marmon in Indianapolis.
The first in the United States specifically built for car racing circuit was used for the first time in August 1909. However, the then fortified with gravel and tar road caused some fatal accidents in both the drivers and the spectators. The race was canceled after just half of the race distance. Fisher was then renovate the race track with 3.2 million bricks ( bricks ). On 30 May 1911, the first time could take place, the Indianapolis 500. The first winner was Ray Harroun Marmon Wasp on with an average speed of 120.060 km / h
Logo of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway from 2009 to 2011
Since 2012, a slightly modified version
In 1935, there were 15 accidents, which led to replace the brick surface with asphalt stains. The reputation of the Indy 500 increased to such an extent that the race from 1950 to 1960 belonged to the Formula 1 World Championship.
In the 1960s, the brick surface was completely replaced by asphalt up to a three feet ( one yard ) wide strip at the start and finish line, giving the Oval earned the name The Brickyard.
For Formula 1, an infield line was created in 1998, it is run on a part of the oval, and then back through the center of the oval. In 2005 made a new asphalt surface for a scandal in Formula 1 Grand Prix was driven only by the six Bridgestone shod cars after there were repeated punctures the tires with Michelin cars in the practice sessions, and Michelin stores supplied by them teams for security recommended the cancellation of the race.
On 17 July 2007 it was announced that the race of the MotoGP World Championship will be held on the track in the infield during the 2008 season with the Grand Prix of Indianapolis. The Formula 1 circuit will be driven in the reverse direction and in a somewhat modified form.
1998 built infield racetrack for Formula 1
Modified infield track for the Motorcycle World Championship
- The Oval has four to 9 ° 12 ' inflated steep curves with a length of 400 feet (about 122 meters). The total length is 2.5 miles ( about 4 km).
- The Grand Prix track has a length of 4,192 kilometers and there were 73 laps. The fastest lap comes from Rubens Barrichello in 2004 with a time of 1:10,233 minutes.
United States Grand Prix
All winners of the Formula 1 World Championship in Indianapolis
Record winner: M.Schumacher (5 wins ), record winner designers: Ferrari ( 6)
- IndyCar Series (Indianapolis 500)
- NASCAR Sprint Cup ( Brickyard 400)
- Formula 1 ( The "United States Grand Prix" from 2000 to 2007)
- World Motorcycle Championship ( classes: 125 cc, 250 cc MotoGP )
- GT3 Cup ( twin race)
- Formula BMW USA
- Liberty Challenge - Indy Pro Series ( 2 races )
- OneAmerica 500 Festival Mini - Marathon ( Half Marathon )
- Brickyard Grand Prix ( sports car racing )