Soyuz 14 mission is the designation for the flight of a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft to the Soviet space station Salyut 3 ( Almaz 2). It was the first visit of a Soyuz spacecraft in this space station and the 27th flight in the Soviet Sojusprogramm. After Soyuz 13 were tested with Cosmos 638 and Cosmos 656 two modifications of the Soyuz spacecraft on unmanned test flights.
- Pavel Romanovich Popovich ( second space flight), Commander
- Yuri Petrovich Artjuchin ( first space flight), flight engineer
- Gennady Vasilyevich Sarafanov, Commander
- Lev Stepanovich Dyomin, Flight Engineer
The support team consisted of Boris Wolynow, Vitaly Scholobow, Vyacheslav Sudow and Valery Rozhdestvensky.
Focus of activities was to test a manned military space station ( Almaz 2) after the failure of Salyut 2 ( Almaz 1), including the related issues:
- Rendezvous, coupling (improved manual control)
- Energy supply ( by 180 ° movable solar panels on the hull of the station )
- Renewal of air conditioning
- Water treatment plant
- Temperature control system
- Multispectral Erdaufnahmen (especially to clarify atmospheric influences)
- Medical studies on long-term stays (daily two-hour workout on the treadmill)