Soyuz TM-5

Soyuz TM -5 is the mission name for the flight of a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft to the Soviet space station Mir. It was the fifth visit of the Soyuz spacecraft with the Mir space station and the 81st flight in the Soviet Sojusprogramm.


Start crew

  • Anatoli Yakovlevich Solovyov ( first space flight ), Commander
  • Viktor Petrovich Savinykh ( third space flight), flight engineer
  • Alexandar Alexandrov Panaiotow ( first space flight), Bulgaria 1971 Bulgaria

Backup crew

  • Vladimir Afanassjevitch Liakhov, Commander
  • Alexander Alexandrovich Serebrov, Flight Engineer
  • Krasimir Stoyanov Mikhailov, Bulgaria 1971 Bulgaria

Serebrov moved in March 1988 following the replacement team after the initially planned Andrei Zaitsev Jewgenjewitsch was ill.

Return crew

  • Vladimir Afanassjevitch Liakhov ( third space flight), Commander
  • Abdul Ahad Mohmand ( first space flight), flight engineer ( Democratic Republic of Afghanistan 1987 Afghanistan)

Mission overview

46 scientific experiments were part of the flight program on board the Mir space station. These included astrophysical and astronomical investigations ( eg with the system Roshen ), remote sensing of the Earth, in particular the coastal regions of the Black Sea, materials science, medicine and biology. From areas of Bulgaria photo series and spectral analyzes were made. Furthermore, special alloys have been tested using aluminum, iron, tungsten, and copper, and grown crystals (Experiment crystallizer ). The cosmonauts landed with the spacecraft Soyuz TM- fourth