Soyuz T-10 mission is the designation for the flight of a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft to the Soviet space station Salyut 7 It was the fifth visit of a Soyuz spacecraft in this space station and the 71st flight in the Soviet Sojusprogramm.
- Leonid Denisovich Kizim ( second space flight), Commander
- Vladimir Alekseyevich Solovyov ( first space flight), flight engineer
- Oleg Jurjewitsch Atkow ( first space flight), Research Cosmonaut ( doctor )
Kizim and Solovyov had previously formed the reserve team of the previous flight, whose launch was aborted (see Soyuz T-10 -1). Atkow previously had no appeal to a support or reserve team.
- Vladimir Vladimirovich Vasyutin, Commander
- Viktor Petrovich Savinykh, Flight Engineer
- Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Research Cosmonaut
- Yuri Vasilievich Malyshev ( second space flight), Commander
- Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalow (4th space flight), flight engineer
- Rakesh Sharma (India, 1st flight), Research Cosmonaut
The ship was the third long- time crew of Salyut 7 with the mission designation Salyut 7 EO -3 for the outward journey. The three -man crew entered the dark Salyut station with flashlights. They reported a smell of burnt metal in the coupling unit. After restoring the functionality of the space station began an extensive work program for the cosmonauts. It included experiments for Earth observation, ecology, biology, materials research and in-depth investigations in the field of medicine by the physician Dr. Atkow.
In the course of the experiment Gjunesch areas were studied in six different climate zones from seven different heights. The space station put one of these levels dar. Biological experiments related to plant growth and the development of micro-organisms in weightlessness. Of particular medical interest were the adaptation of astronauts to weightlessness, the change of subjective sensations over a long period, the blood supply to the eye, changes in heart position in the chest, physical performance, and the testing of specific training methods. Furthermore, studies have been made of the carbohydrate and salt exchange, tested pressure cuffs and medicines for the spaceman disease, the bioelectrical activity of the heart is measured and found the volume of the blood circulation. Also certain yoga exercises were first carried out to improve performance. Psychological testing and the testing of new medical devices, such as an improved electrocardiographs, completed the medical examination program. On board the station biochemical preparations was also started production. With the help of various furnaces novel semiconductors have been tested and perfect single crystals grown oxide (corundum ). Also included stress tests on various materials in free space, which are later to be used in structural elements of the station.
Since the Soyuz spacecraft could only stay for a limited time in space, the mission was intended but longer, had to be carried out a spaceship exchange. The crew of Commander Malyshev brought with Soyuz T -11, a new spacecraft to the station and returned on April 11, 1984 Soyuz T-10 back to Earth.