Soyuz TM -27 mission is the designation for the flight of a Russian Soyuz spaceship to the Russian space station Mir. The 34th manned visit a spaceship at the Mir space station was the 27th visit of a Soyuz spaceship and the 103rd flight in Sojusprogramm.
- Talghat Musabayev ( second space flight), Commander ( Kazakhstan )
- Nikolai Mikhailovich Budarin ( second space flight), flight engineer (Russia Russia)
- Léopold Eyharts ( 1.Flug ) Research Cosmonaut ( Centre national d' études spatiales CNES / France )
Budarin was the first Russian cosmonaut, first flew in the space shuttle and then in the Russian Soyuz spacecraft.
- Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasyev, Commander
- Sergei Jewgenjewitsch Treschtschow, Flight Engineer
- Jean -Pierre Haigneré, Research Cosmonaut ( Centre national d' études spatiales CNES / France )
- Talghat Musabayev ( second space flight), Commander
- Nikolai Mikhailovich Budarin ( second space flight), flight engineer
- Yuri Mikhailovich Baturin ( first space flight), Research Cosmonaut
After the start of the space ship on January 29, 1998, docked at January 31st at 17:54:20 UTC on the Mir space station on after Progress M -37 had made the space free. Musabayev and Budarin took with Andrew Thomas as the 25th resident crew to Me. This was followed by joint scientific experiments as part of the research mission Mir- Pegase. Eyharts returned on 19 February 1998 with Soyuz TM -26 back to Earth. On 3 March 1998 a planned spacewalk of Musabayev and Budarin had to be canceled because the hatch could not be opened. This was followed by five successful spacewalks of Musabayev and Budarin (6 h, 40 min) on 1 April 1998, April 6, 1998 (4 h, 23 min) 11 April 1998 ( 6 h, 25 min), April 17, 1998 ( 6, 32 min) and 22 April 1998 ( 6 h, 21 min). Here an awning of the Spektr module were repaired and built a new engine for position regulation in Sofora - mast. The crew unloaded the meantime the freighter Progress M -38 and M- 39th On 4 June 1998, the Space Shuttle Discovery docked with the Mir at the mission STS -91. The mission of Soyuz TM -27 lasted until 25 August 1998.