Soyuz TM-6

Soyuz TM-6 is the mission name for the flight of a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft to the Soviet space station Mir. It was the sixth visit of the Soyuz spacecraft with the Mir space station and the 82nd flight in the Soviet Sojusprogramm.


Start crew

  • Vladimir Afanassjevitch Liakhov ( third space flight), Commander
  • Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov ( first space flight ), science astronaut
  • Abdul Ahad Mohmand ( first space flight ), Science Cosmonaut ( Democratic Republic of Afghanistan 1987 Afghanistan)

Backup crew

  • Anatoly Nikolayevich Beresowoi, Commander
  • German Semjonowitsch Arsamasow, Flight Engineer
  • Mohammad Dauran Ghulam Masum, Science Cosmonaut ( Democratic Republic of Afghanistan 1987 Afghanistan)

Return crew

  • Vladimir Titov Georgjewitsch ( third space flight), Commander
  • Mussa Chiramanowitsch Manarov ( first space flight), flight engineer
  • Jean- Loup Chrétien ( second space flight ), Science Cosmonaut ( Centre national d' études spatiales CNES / France )

Mission overview

The launch took place on August 29, 1988 by the Soviet Baikonur Cosmodrome in the Kazakh SSR. Liakhov was commander and trained for solo flights of the Soyuz spacecraft for rescue purposes. He steered the ship alone. Polyakov and Mohmand were inexperienced science astronauts. Task of the doctor Polyakov was with Maranow and Titov to remain on Mir, to monitor their health during the past months of a one year duration stay. Mohmand took as part of the Intercosmos program participated in the flight and thus became the first Afghan in space.

The experiments aboard the Mir space station primarily related to earth science, medicine and materials science. So different minerals was by deposits searched and taken water resources and potential earthquake regions, especially in the mountainous regions of Afghanistan under the microscope. In this case (Experiment Schamsched ) the topographic camera Kate 140, the multi-channel spectrometer MKS -M, the spectrum analyzer Spektr 256 and a hand-held camera was used. Medical examinations related to the study of movement disorders in weightlessness.

In preparation for landing of the Soyuz - board computer was overloaded by a newly installed software. The firing of the braking rocket was postponed for two orbits, while the old version of the software has been activated.

The landing took place on 21 December 1988 after 1807 Earth orbits about 160 kilometers southeast of Schesqasghan in Kazakhstan. The flight lasted so 114 days, 5 hours, 33 minutes and 49 seconds.