57.213752.77975Koordinaten: 57 ° 13 ' N, 52 ° 47'
Udmurtia (Russian Удмуртия / Udmurtija, udmurt. Удмуртия, Удмурт Республика ) is a republic in the Russian Volga Federal District.
Udmurtia is located in the European part of Russia west of the Ural Mountains between the rivers Kama and Vyatka. The climate is temperate - continental. The natural area of the Republic is primarily influenced by the taiga.
The 2010 Census showed a population of 1,521,420 people. The Udmurt are a Finno- Ugric people. But they are in their home republic, only a minority. The vast majority make up 60 % the Russians. Other significant minorities are Tatars, Ukrainians and Mari. A special feature is the the Udmurt strongly assimilated Bessermenen appearing again as an independent nation since 2002 ( previously they were counted among the Udmurt ).
The official languages are Udmurt and Russian. In addition to followers of the Russian Orthodox Church there are also shamanistic and Muslims ( Tatars and Bessermenen ).
The first Russian settlers arrived in the area inhabited by Udmurt people in the 12th century. After the Khanate of Kazan was in 1552 fell to Russia, the Russian newcomers were increasing. In the 18th century until now animistic Udmurt people were evangelized christian, first published translations of the Bible. Udmurtia was since 1934 an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic ( ASSR ) within the RSFSR. After the dissolution of the USSR were Udmurtia as one of 21 republics equipped with a relatively far-reaching autonomy rights federal subject of Russia.
On 1 April 2006, the second Russian plant for destruction of chemical weapons was put into operation in Kambarka. In the complex, which has been funded with German assistance, should be eliminated by 2008 over 3000 tons of chemical warfare agents, their destruction will cost about 270 million euros. Germany contributes 90 million of euros.
Head of the Republic is Alexander Solovyov.
The Republic region has a relatively well developed and heavily industrialized. Among the most important industries include metal and wood processing, chemical and glass industries. Petroleum and coal are among the most important natural resources.
Administrative divisions and cities
The Republic of Udmurtia has 25 Rajons and 5 urban districts, which are formed from the capital of the Republic of Izhevsk and the four closest major cities Sarapul, Votkinsk, Glasow and Moschga. There are six cities and five settlements of urban type.