Logroño is the capital of the province and the autonomous community of La Rioja in Spain. She had on 1 January 2013 153 066 inhabitants in an area of 79.6 km ². The city lies at an altitude of 386 m.
Major holidays are San Bernabé ( patron saint of the town, June 11 ) and the city and Wine Festival San Mateo ( second to last week of September ).
Logroño is located on the northern boundary of the region of La Rioja in the valley of the Ebro and is therefore in the immediate vicinity of the Basque Country. The city is only about 150 km from the Atlantic Ocean, but in between the Cantabrian Mountains. This ensures that the climate of the city center of Spanish is similar and is characterized by low rainfall and hot summers. The valley of the Ebro is limited to the amount of Logroño, north of the Sierra de Cantabria to the south of the Sierra de Cameros and the Sierra del Hayedo de Santiago.
Logroño established on a ford of the river Ebro and was in the first century under the name of the Celtic tribe of the capital Vareia Beronen. The Romans called it first Varelus and later Lucrosus. Another theory has the name back to the contraction of the Latin article "lo / illo " with the place name Gronio / Gronno, the origin of the latter with Celtic and the meaning is given as ' ford, crossing '. Finally, there is the interpretation of " Lucus Brun " or " Lucus Beronius " - " Holy place ( in the forest) Berón ".
In addition to the mentioned ford the Romans built under the road link Tarragona Asturias beside the ford a first bridge. In the 6th century Logroño was destroyed by the Visigoths under King Leovigild. In the 8th century, the Moors conquered Logroño and called it Albaida, the whites ". Sancho Garcés of Navarre conquered it united with King Ordoño II of León, after which it remained an insignificant agricultural settlement and was 1092, again destroyed by El Cid, who fought at this time on the part of the Moors.
On disposal of Alfonso VI. rebuilt, paid this 1095 Logroño with city rights and foral and issued in 1099 with the construction of the bridge the privilege of the river crossing. With the bridge, the city became a major pilgrimage station on the Way of St. James. At that time, the motto was " la ciudad como el camino " - "the city depends on the way ." The bridge builders Domingo García and San Juan de Ortega, the new building of the bridge over the Ebro is said documents can be found at most be for repairs. Alfonso VII donated the palace church of Santa Maria del Palacio.
Economy and infrastructure
The economic life of the city, is typical of the region of La Rioja, marked by wineries. Other important industries are the ceramic and tin plate processing services as well as the vegetables. The Logroño Airport is located about 15 kilometers east of the city, but only currently offers a daily service to Madrid. Because of the mountain ranges in the north and south of the Ebro valley consist the best motorway and rail links to the east ( Calahorra, Zaragoza) and west ( Haro, Burgos).
At the University of La Rioja study about 5,000 students. The Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino is a research center of the city.
Logroño maintains partnerships with cities
- United Kingdom Dunfermline ( Fife ) in the UK, since 1989
- Germany Darmstadt (Hessen) in Germany, since 2002
- France Libourne (Gironde ) in France, since 1979
- France Dax (Landes) in France, since 1960
- Western Sahara El Haggounia (Western Sahara), since 1991
- Chile Rancagua in Chile, since 1992
- Argentina La Rioja in Argentina, since 1992
- Italy Brescia ( Lombardy ) in Italy, since 2005
More friendly relations exist with
- Germany Wilhelmshaven (Lower Saxony) in Germany, since 1990
- Vichy France (Auvergne ) in France, since 1990
Sons and daughters of the town
- Rafael Azcona (1926-2008), Writer
- Daniel Aranzubia ( b. 1979 ), football player
- María Esther Herranz García (born 1969 ), politician
- Miguel Martínez de Corta ( b. 1981 ), football player
- Mayte Mateos ( born 1951 ), singer ( Baccara )
- Fausto Elhuyar y de Suvisa (1755-1833), chemist, discoverer of tungsten
- Juan José Elhuyar y de Suvisa (1754-1796), chemist, discoverer of tungsten