Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest
This article deals with the history of Norway as participants in the Euro Vision Song Contest.
Regularity of participation
Norway took first time in 1960 and since then regularly at the Euro Vision Song Contest. Only in 1970 was abandoned voluntarily - together with Sweden, Finland, Portugal and Austria - to participate; as a basic protest was indicated at the judging system after 1969 four countries had shared the first place. Only once the country had to expose for bad placement last year, namely 2002.
Success in competition
Norway has so far three times the Euro Vision Song Contest win in 1985 with the Bobby Socks and La det swinge, 1995 with the group Secret Garden and Nocturne and 2009 Alexander Rybak Fairytale and. The only second place was reached in 1996, the only third position in 1966. Overall, only 20 of the 52 posts achieved a ranking in the first half, also holds Norway with a total of eleven " red lanterns " the record as the country with the most recent places in competition. It was noticeable between 1996 and 2006 that Norway's success in the competition were like a roller coaster ride: In the land of rhythm always alternated between the first and second half of the table. 2009 reached Norway with 387 the highest achieved so far points cut in a Euro Vision Song Contest.
List of posts
Color legend: - Victories. - A tie to the last place. - Contributions finals.
National preliminary decisions
Almost all Norwegian contributions were in a national qualifying round under the title Melodi Grand Prix selected, only the retort band Just4Fun 1991 was selected internally. Over the years, Norway various systems operated to choose from:
The "classic "
Most commonly, the Norwegian TV station held a "classic" decider: Between eight and twelve artists present an evening one track before, the Favorites will eventually matched. Was applied this method 1969-1971, 1978-1981, 1983-1990, 1992-1994 and then in 1996 and 2005.
Systems with preliminary
1960 and 1977, 1982 and 1995, several semi-final rounds were held before the grand finale. These were usually divided by region and often include only a few songs, such as 1982, only two posts per round. 2006 and 2007, a new mode was introduced with semifinal rounds: There were three preliminary rounds take place as well as a "last chance " for the retired participants again were able to try their luck.
System with double orchestra
1961-1968 and 1972-1976 five songs were presented at the Norwegian decider. Every song sung independently by two artists, one with smaller band or small orchestra and once with a large orchestra. A similar system was used in the 1950s and early 1960s, also from the Netherlands.
Until the mid- 90s was always decided in the preliminary decision by the jury, which consisted in part of a regional split audience jury and a jury of experts, which often former participants included in the competition, such as 1985 Anne -Marie David. In 1997, the telephone voting was introduced in addition to the juries, which increased to weighting over the years; since 2003 is matched only by phone.
Details at: Melodi Grand Prix 2006
Norway ( 1972 to 1976 and 1999 to the present ) in the years without voice control - like the other Scandinavian countries - almost always seized the opportunity and let recite his contributions at least partially in English, exceptions were only the 1972 and 2006 in the latter case. it should be noted that Alvedansen among the 24 songs was the only one in the local language when the preliminary round. Just a game from 1973 was sung mainly in English and French, but also contained words in the national language of each participating country this year. 2007 included the Norwegian contribution with Ven a bailar conmigo a Spanish title.
By the majority of Norwegian contributions, an English version was recorded. Occasionally, the contributions were also published in other languages, such as Swedish, German or French.
Striking often internationally comprehensible titles have been selected for the posts, such as name ( Mata Hari, Casanova, Oliver, Romeo, Mrs. Thompson), places (summer i Palma, Brandenburg Gate, San Francisco) as well as words that are similar in many languages sound (Spiral, Carousel, stress, Visjoner, duet ), but also meaning Free as Oj, oj, oj or Voi voi or words from other languages, such as do- re-mi, which in Italian the first three notes of the C major scale " CDE " are.
- Arne Bendiksen has written or co-written, but when he himself took part in 1964 as a singer, he sang a strange composition of the four Norwegian contributions. Rolf Løvland is this record on the same, he has also composed four titles - including two winners of the competition.
- The winning song Nocturne from 1995 holds a record: Never had an entry in the Competition less text, in the original version, it contains only 24 words.
- Elisabeth Andreassen, 1985 was part of the victorious duo Bobby Socks. In Gothenburg, they went to, among others, against the Swedish representative Kikki Danielsson, with which they had together still represent Sweden in 1982 under the name chips.
Active members: Albania | Armenia | Azerbaijan | Belgium | Denmark | Germany | Estonia | Finland | France | Georgia | Greece | Ireland | Iceland | Israel | Italy | Latvia | Lithuania | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Montenegro | Netherlands | Norway | Austria | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino | Sweden | Switzerland | Slovenia | Spain | Ukraine | Hungary | United Kingdom | Belarus |
Inactive participating countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Bulgaria | Croatia | Luxembourg | Morocco | Monaco | Serbia | Slovakia | Czech Republic | Turkey | Cyprus
Former Participating countries: Andorra | Yugoslavia | Serbia and Montenegro
Redeemed participations or futile efforts: Lebanon | Liechtenstein
- Norway during the Euro Vision Song Contest