Leyland Motors

Leyland Motors was a British vehicle manufacturer. The successor company Leyland Trucks is now part of Paccar Group and manufactures trucks under the DAF brand. The bus division came in the late 1980s to Volvo.

  • 2.1 1919-1925
  • 2.2 1925-1942
  • 2.3 after 1945 2.3.1 Double -decker buses
  • 2.3.2 Eindeckbusse
  • 3.1 1920s
  • 3.2 1930s
  • 3.3 1940/50er years
  • 3.4 1960s
  • 3.5 1970s
  • 3.6 1980-2001

History

Leyland Motors

1896 founded the Sumner and Spurrier families the Lancashire Steam Motor Company in the town of Leyland in Lancashire (North West England). The first model was the Lancashire Steam van, a lorry ( truck ) with 1.5 ton payload and steam drive, one in the UK then popular type of drive. 1905 also began producing vehicles with gasoline engines. As one 1907 a second factory in the neighboring town of Chorley built, which is the seat of the LEX leasing and parts service today, one designated by the Lancashire Steam Motor Company to Leyland Motors.

Between 1920 and 1923 some passenger cars of the type Leyland Eight were produced, with the John Parry -Thomas 1926 aufstellte with about 275 km / h land speed record. Furthermore, first experiments were carried out with diesel engines that were produced in series from the 1930s. During this time the company grew to become one of the most important British truck and bus manufacturers.

Leyland also wore long at a British peculiarity: the milk floats (literally " milk rafts " ) above vans with which the households were supplied with fresh milk every morning. With these Leyland had long held a high market share.

In the 1950s, the competitors Scammell and Albion were taken. From 1953 Leyland engines were used in the Dutch manufacturer DAF, later, this Leyland diesel engines under license. 1955 Leyland involved in the Indian company Ashok Leyland. 1962, the AEC competitor was bought. 1967 Aveling - Barford were bought with a manufacturer of construction machinery.

Leyland bus

Leyland Terrier

Leyland Sherpa

Leyland Road Train 1988

British Leyland Motor Corporation

In the late 1960s it came to merge with the other British manufacturers BMC Trucks and Guy, which united under the name of British Leyland Motor Corporation. After massive problems BLMC was nationalized in 1975, but still BLMC lost further market share.

The new British government under Margaret Thatcher carried out a re-privatization of the British car industry. So in 1982 a large part of BLMC the Austin Rover Group. While the van and van models Leyland Sherpa came to Freight Rover, were the truck now at Leyland Trucks and buses at Leyland bus. In 1987, the bus division of Leyland in the meantime become the Rover Group area was spun off and sold to Volvo in 1988.

Leyland DAF

Leyland Trucks was introduced together with Freight Rover, founded together with DAF Leyland DAF companies, what the Rover Group had a share of 40%. 1993 Leyland DAF was insolvent. The insolvency among other LDV and Leyland Trucks Limited emerged.

Leyland Trucks Limited

Leyland Trucks Ltd. continued to produce trucks at the site Leyland, which were derived in addition to our own vehicles and DAF trucks. In 1998 the company was taken over by the Paccar group, which now also DAF belonged. In 2000 Leyland Trucks was transferred to the production of Foden trucks.

DAF LF

With the introduction of the DAF LF, the official use of the brand Leyland ended on vehicles. The DAF LF, which was designed and built by Leyland Trucks, won the 2002 Truck of the Year award. 2005 Leyland Trucks launched the automatic painting of truck chassis by robots churning, a first in the industry. In 2006, the production of Foden trucks ended after the decision to discontinue the Foden brand. Thus, there was no English except LDV Commercial vehicle manufacturers more.

On April 17, 2008, the 300,000 was. Trucks from Leyland Trucks produced, the customer Mark Armstrong Transport Ltd. took his DAF XF 105 counter directly off the assembly line.

In 2008, Leyland Trucks 24,700 truck assembly plant here, and DAF in the UK reached a market share of 27.3 %. In April 2009 Leyland Trucks was awarded the prestigious Queen's Award for Enterprise in International Trade.

List of bus chassis from Leyland

1919-1925

Leyland manufactured the buses only for the chassis and engines, the constructions were made on behalf of bus operators of different body corporate.

  • A1, A5, A7, A9, A11, A13: 1920-1926
  • B: 1919/1920
  • C, C1, C5, C7, C9: 1919-1926
  • D: 1920-1924
  • E: 1919/1920
  • F: 1919
  • G, G1, G2, G3, G4, G5, G6, G7, G8: 1919-1924
  • H: 1919/1920
  • J: 1919/1920
  • K: 1919
  • L: 1919/1920
  • M, M1: 1919 to 1921
  • N: 1919-1921
  • O, O1: 1919-1921
  • RAF: 1919-1925
  • SG2, SG4, SG6, SG7, SG9, SG11: 1923-1926
  • GH2, GH4, GH5, GH7, GH8: 1923-1926
  • OP2: 1921-1924
  • OH2: 1923-1926
  • LB2, LB4, LB5: 1922-1926
  • Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, Z7: 1923-1926

1925-1942

  • Leviathan: 1925-1927
  • Leopard: 1926
  • Leveret: 1926-1928
  • Lioness: 1926-1934
  • Lion: 1926-1940
  • Tiger (chassis with front engine for Eindeckbusse ): 1927-1942
  • Titan ( front engined chassis for double-decker buses ): 1927-1942
  • Titanic: 1927-1939
  • Tigress: 1934-1939
  • Badger: 1930-1936
  • Cub: 1931-1940
  • Cheetah: 1935-1940
  • Gnu: 1937-1939
  • Panda: 1940

After 1945

Double -decker buses

  • Titan: 1945-1969
  • Lowlander: 1961-1966
  • Atlantean: 1956-1986
  • Fleetline competitive model for Atlantean: 1973-1980 (acquired by Daimler)
  • Titan (B15 ): 1974-1984 ( complete buses with self-supporting body )
  • Victory Mk 2: 1978 to 1981, built in the Guy- factory in Wolverhampton
  • Olympian: 1979-1993
  • Lion: 1985-1988

Eindeckbusse

  • Leyland Tiger: 1948-1968
  • Comet: 1948-1971
  • Olympic: 1949-1971
  • Royal Tiger: 1950-1955
  • World Masters: 1955-1979
  • Tiger Cub: 1952-1969
  • Olympian: 1953-1958
  • Leopard: 1959-1982
  • Lion: 1960-1965
  • Royal Tiger Cub: 1960-1968
  • Panther: 1964-1972
  • Panther Cub: 1964-1968
  • National / National 2: 1969-1985
  • Cub: 1979-1987
  • Tiger ( with underfloor engine between the axles ): 1979-1992
  • B21: 1975-1983
  • Royal Tiger ( B50/B54 ): 1982-1987
  • Lynx: 1984-1992
  • Swift: 1987-1991

List of Leyland trucks

1920s

  • Q -type 4 ton
  • SQ2 7 ton
  • SWQ2 10 - ton six- wheeler ( three-axle )
  • Bull
  • Layland Madion

1930

  • Leyland Beaver
  • Bison
  • Buffalo
  • Bull
  • Hippo
  • Octopus 22 - ton eight- wheeler ( four-axle )
  • Steer
  • Lynx
  • Cub
  • Badger

1940/50er years

  • Comet
  • Hippo
  • Beaver

1960s

  • Leyland 90
  • Beaver
  • Comet
  • Steer
  • Gas turbine
  • FG

1970s

  • Terrier
  • Boxer
  • Clydesdale
  • Marathon

1980-2001

  • Road Train
  • Constractor
  • Cruiser
  • Freighter
  • Roadrunner
  • Leyland DAF 45/55
  • Leyland DAF 65/75
  • Leyland DAF 85
  • Leyland DAF 95
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