Norcia ( Nursia in Latin ) is a town with 4899 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) in the Umbrian province of Perugia in Italy. It is located 154 km northeast of Rome, 95 km south-east of Perugia and 83 km west of the Adriatic coast at Porto d' Ascoli.
- 4.1 Twin towns
Norcia is located on the border of the Marche, at the foot of " Sibillynischen mountains ". The extensive area extends from the valley of the Nera to Cima Del Redentore ( 2448 m) in the massif of Monte Vettore that represents the highest elevation of Umbria. A large part of Norcia part of the National Park of Monti Sibillini.
Norcia is a member of the Comunità Montana Valnerina
Norcia is being developed by the state road SS 685 delle Tre Valli Umbre, the (1541 m) in the Tronto reached Spoleto coming behind Norcia on the Forca Canapine the Via Salaria. The nearest train station is in 41 km of Spoleto, since 1968 the railway line was closed to Spoleto.
Its origins date back to the time of the Sabines. Norcia was conquered in the 3rd century BC by the Romans and got 268 BC Roman citizenship. 572 AD Norcia was destroyed by the Lombards, whose center was located in the near Spoleto. They were followed by Goths and Saracens, so that was left Norcia 890. Only then slowly evolved back to civilian life until Norcia was constituted in 1200 as a free commune. It developed into a regional center and commercial center. At the same time the city wall still preserved today was built. 1484, the city came after vigorous resistance under the government of the Holy See, under which it remained until uttered a large majority of Nursini of entry into the Kingdom of Italy in a referendum on 18 September 1860.
Nicola Alemanno (right Citizens' List ) was elected in June 2004 to the mayor. After the beginning of 2008 receded 9 of 16 councilors, the city government was dissolved by a decree of the President and used on May 7, Giancarlo de Filippis as acting mayor until the next municipal election in June 2009.
- Germany Ottobeuren
Besides the city wall, 14th century, are mainly buildings around Piazza San Benedetto of particular importance. Here are the Basilica of San Benedetto, built around 1200, the town hall ( 1300 ) and built to a design by Vignola in the 16th century castellina, a fortress-like palace. Besides also located there church of Santa Maria argentea the Church of St. Francis (14th century) is one of the outstanding churches of the city. Here is also the municipal library.
Norcia, Piazza San Benedetto with castellina
Economy, tourism, local products
Norcia is known beyond Italy for its black truffles and pork sausages. The durable Norcia sausages were formerly sold by hawkers in central Italy. Therefore delis in Italy are called Norcineria today.
Another specialty are the lentils from Castelluccio di Norcia, which are managed as IGP ( product with protected designation of origin ).
For the city's economy, tourism plays an important role.
Sons and daughters
To 480 here are St. Benedict, founder of the Benedictine Order, and his twin sister Scholastica have been born.