The 5000 -meter run is a run- discipline of athletics - the shortest distance of three Olympic disciplines on the long haul. To run are twelve and a half laps Stadium. The start is at the 200 - meter point of the stadium round, so ahead of the curve to the finish line.
The fastest men achieve time at 12:40 minutes, which corresponds to 6.57 m / s or 23.68 km / h
The fastest time to reach women at 14:30 minutes, which corresponds to 5.74 m / s or 20.68 km / h
At Olympic Games of 5000 -meter run is since 1912 in the program, for women since 1996.
- 4.2.1 Men
- 4.2.2 Women
- 4.4.1 Men
- 4.4.2 Women
- 4.5.1 Men
- 4.5.2 Women
Long distance runs, which are comparable to the 5000 -meter run, there were already at the Olympic Games of antiquity, in which 20 stages ( 3845 meters) or 24 rounds ( 4616 meters) were to run. The Greek name for this run is Dolichos.
In modern times, 3 miles ( 4828 meters) were first run in the English-speaking world. With the Summer Olympic Games, it took longer than with other disciplines of athletics until the route was recognized. The first long-distance running came at the 1906 Summer Olympics, a 5 - mile run ( 8047 meters) into the program, which was carried out as at the Olympic Games 1908. Since 1912, to be run by the men 's 5,000 meters and the 10,000 meters.
In Germany, up to the First World War, neither the 5000 - nor the 10,000 -meter run spread, instead the German mile was run with a length of 7500 meters (last German record: 22:43,2 min in 1939 by Max Syring ). Into the program of the German Championships 5000 -meter run was the first time on 23-24. August 1919.
The first women's race on long journeys in 1953 held in the UK over a length of 3000 meters. 1983, the 3000 meters world championship track, 1984, olympic. For women, the 5000 - meter course in 1995 enforced at the World Championships and at the 1996 Olympics after the 10,000 - meter race was just eight years earlier recognized as a Women's discipline.
The 5000 -meter runs are dominated by the training methods of the dominant runner since the 1920s: Paavo Nurmi (Finland ) ran twice daily long distances in winter on skis, supplemented by repeat runs over short distances. The Swede Gunder Hägg invented in the 1940s, the drive play ( fartlek ), which consisted of terrain runs with varying pace and found its way even in long distance running. Emil Zatopek was in the late 1950s 1940er/Anfang successful with his interval method, in which he ran 60 meters by 400 meters, for example. In the 1960s, the endurance training began enforcing after Murray Halberg (New Zealand) surprisingly won the 5000 -meter run at the 1960 Olympic Games.
- First official world record: 14:36,6 min, Hannes Kolehmainen, Finland, July 10, 1912 in Stockholm
- First time under 14:30 minutes: 14:28,2 min, Finland Paavo Nurmi, June 19, 1924 in Helsinki
- First time under 14 minutes: 13:58,2 min, Gunder Hägg Sweden, September 20, 1942 in Gothenburg
- First time under 13:30 minutes: 13:25,8 min, Australia Ron Clarke, June 4, 1965 in Compton
- First time under 13 minutes: 12:58,39 min, Morocco Saïd Aouita 22 July 1987 in Rome
- First registered Best time: 16:17,4 min, Italy Paola Pigni, May 11, 1969 in Formia
- First time under 15 minutes: 14:58,89 min, Norway Ingrid Kristiansen, June 28, 1984 in Oslo
- First time under 14:30 minutes: 14:28,09 min, People's Republic of China Jiang Bo, October 23, 1997 in Shanghai
- Finland Lasse Viren, Olympic champion in 1972 and 1976
- Kenya Ismael Kirui, world champion in 1993 and 1995
- Romania Gabriela Szabo, world champion in 1997 and 1999
- Morocco Saïd Aouita, Olympic Champion 1984, World Champion 1987
- The most successful German Dieter Baumann, Olympic champion in 1992, Olympic silver medalist in 1988, European Champion 1994