The 400 -meter run is the longest sprint discipline in athletics and will be held both in outdoor as well as indoor competitions. He is also the fifth sub-discipline of the decathlon men and is also performed as a relay competition, see 4 x 400 - meter relay.
For outdoor competitions every runner travels the entire distance in its own track, which must not be abandoned. In hall competitions ( about 150 m) is put back into their own paths only until after the second curve. After all runners may cut on the inside line and use this to finish. In Relay competitions, only the first runner runs completely in its own track. The second runner may cut on the back straight on the inside lane.
The start is in the crouch start from starting blocks and to compensate for the curve length of the different lanes are added.
The fastest men achieve times by 44 seconds. This corresponds to a speed of 9.09 m / s or 32.72 km / h
The fastest women achieve times by 48 seconds. This corresponds to a speed of 8.33 m / s or 30.0 km / h
At Olympic Games since 1896, the men and the women have been running since 1964, the 400 - meter track.
- 4.2.1 Men
- 4.2.2 Women
- 4.4.1 Men
- 4.4.2 Women 220.127.116.11 Shin Kim Dan
- 18.104.22.168 1970s and 1980s
- 22.214.171.124 Table of World Records
- 4.5.1 Men
- 4.5.2 Women
The 400 - meter race is derived from the quarter-mile (440 -Yards = 402.34 m) - a route that end of the 19th century was the beginning of modern athletics common in English speaking countries. The first 400 - meter race in Germany was held in Berlin in 1892.
Records are only recognized since 1960, when was run on a 400 - meter track. Until then, records were 500 - and 600 - meter lanes registered, brought by the shorter distances curve advantages. Women's records have been kept since 1957.
The first 400 - meter track in Germany was inaugurated on 28 August 1905 in Rickingen in Hannover, however, hardly used due to their unfavorable position.
- First officially recognized by the IAAF World Record: 47.8 s, United States 45 Maxie Long, 1900
- First runner less than 50 seconds: 49.2 s, United States 38 Lon Myers, 1879
- First runner under 47 seconds: 46.4 s, United States 48 Ben Eastman, 1932
- First runner under 46 seconds: 45.9 s, Jamaica Herb McKenley, 1948
- First runner less than 45 seconds: 44.9 s, United States Otis Davis and Germany team total German Carl Kaufmann starting for the Federal Republic of Germany, 1960
- First runner under 44 seconds: 43.86 s, United States Lee Evans, 1968
- First runner under 54 seconds: 53.9 s, Soviet Union 1955 Marija Itkina, 1955
- First runner under 53/52 seconds: 51.9 s, North Korea Shin Kim Dan, 1962
- First runner under 51/50 seconds: 49.9 s, Poland Irena Szewińska, 1974
- First runner less than 49 seconds: 48.94 s, Democratic Republic of Germany in 1949 Marita Koch, 1978
- First runner less than 48 seconds: 47.99 s Czechoslovakia Jarmila Kratochvílová, 1983
- United States Michael Johnson: Two Olympic medals (1996 and 2000 ) and four World Championship titles (1993, 1995, 1997, 1999)
- France Marie -José Perec: Two Olympic medals (1992 and 1996) and two World Championship titles (1991 and 1995)
- Australia Cathy Freeman: Two world titles (1997 and 1999), Olympic champion in 2000, Olympic silver medalist in 1996
- Most successful German: Germany Democratic Republic in 1949 Marita Koch: Olympic champion in 1980, the owner of the valid world record ( 47.60 s, as of October 2011)
- Germany Democratic Republic in 1949 Monika Zehrt: Olympic Champion 1972
- Germany Democratic Republic in 1949 Thomas Schönlebe: World Champion 1987