Winningen is a municipality in the district of Mayen -Koblenz in Rhineland- Palatinate. It belongs to the municipality Untermosel, which has its administrative headquarters in Kobern -Gondorf. Winningen is a nationally recognized tourist.
- 5.1 Viticulture
- 5.2 tourism
- 5.3 airfield Koblenz- Winningen
Winningen situated within the conservation area " Mosel region of Schweich to Koblenz " the Lower Moselle between Koblenz- Gül and Kobern -Gondorf on the left side of the Moselle. Nearest towns are on the Mosel Koblenz, about 5km down the Moselle and Cochem, about 40km upriver.
To Winningen includes the living space Distelbergerhof.
Winningen was first mentioned in a document of King Ludwig II of 20 October 865 under the name " Uuidinge ". When King Arnulf on 23 January 888 the Abbey of St. Maximin gave the "Villa Rübenach " in Mayenfeldgau with their Zubehörungen, was counted among them " Uuindiga ". This document from the year 888 may be corrupted, but also later Winningen was always mentioned in the Mini Maxi 's goods: " Windingun ", " Windingis ", " Wend Tight ", " Wendengias ".
Goods in Winningen (wind Inga ) were given in 1016 by Emperor Henry II the nunnery Kaufungen. In 1320, Ritter Hermann Winningen is mentioned. He owned one of the oldest documented vineyard sites, which he received from Count William I of Katzenelenbogen as a fief. It was a vineyard to Winningen in the garden of the distillation child Heinrich Pfaff village, a wine garden at Wolf paths and a vineyard on Gire.
The Weinhexbrunnen, surrounded by half-timbered buildings, alludes to the persecution of witches in the 17th century. Above the village on the Witch Hill remembers the currently oldest known monument from 1925 to the victims of the witch hunts at this time.
Winningen is traditionally a Protestant enclave in a Catholic (formerly kurtrierischen ) surrounding area. Due to the legal successor of the County of Sponheim was in Winningen to 1776 a two- rule between the Palatinate and the Margraviate of Baden. Since both men went over to the Reformation period to the new faith, even Winningen was Protestant.
From 1776 until the occupation by French revolutionary troops in 1794 was Winningen Baden. After the end of the French period, it was part of the Prussian Rhine Province.
When a robbery along with four accomplices Dieter Freese shot on February 14, 1962, the Savings Bank branch in Winningen. After a spectacular escape Freese was taken on March 9, 1962 and sentenced to a long prison term.
The development of the population of Winningen, the values from 1871 to 1987 based on population censuses:
The local council in Winningen consists of 16 council members, who were elected at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009 a proportional representation, and the honorary mayor as chairman.
Allocation of seats in the elected municipal council:
After the resignation of a member of the FRC Group this to six members and the council has therefore a non-attached Member.
Culture and sights
The wine village was several times winner of village beautification competitions and boasts to be one of the prettiest villages in Germany. Winningen is also very well known for the " Winninger Moselfest ", the oldest wine festival in Germany, as well as its landmark, the " Winninger wine witch ".
- Moseltalbrücke (A 61)
- The Protestant parish church is a Baroque hall church from 1695 with a Romanesque east tower.
See also: List of cultural monuments in Winningen
The main attraction is the annual ten-day Mosel Festival in late August / early September. It is the oldest and ten days duration longest wine festival ( " Wine Festival " ) on the Mosel.
Economy and infrastructure
Winningen is characterized by winegrowing, which is operated on terraces above the village. The vineyards also provide habitats for rare animals (eg Apollo, lizards ) dar.
The growing on the slate terraces Riesling is one according to expert judgment among the best wines in the world. 2005 received a Winninger Uhlen Riesling Laubach first layer of the winery Heymann -Löwenstein in Paris the prize for the best foreign wine. This vineyard and the winery Reinhard and Beate Knebel can also be found on the Star (magazine) created list of the 100 best wineries.
Winningen part of the " wine field Cochem " in the Mosel region. In the village 44 wineries operate, the area under vines is 89 ha Approximately 90 % of the cultivated wine are white wine varietals ( 2007).
- → Winninger Uhlen
- Winninger Hamm
The Winninger Hamm is the smallest single vineyard Winni gene. It is performed at the Chamber of Agriculture Rheinland -Pfalz under the grape layer number 440 537. The name may be derived from the Latin term for river Hammus arc or curvature. The Winninger Hamm has with the Devonian shale layers, which are crossed by quartzites and clayey soil shares a similar structure as the ground Winninger Röttgen on. The wine is grown in terraces and steep slopes.
- Winninger Domgarten
The name refers to the former church property. In the Chamber of Agriculture Rheinland -Pfalz, the largest location Winni gene is under the vineyard number 440 536. The position includes, as a framework to place Winningen. In the area of Domgartens there are different soils; in the shallow area outweigh sandy-loamy layers in the steeper layers are enriched with slate. There are also loess and Bimsanteile that optimize the soil for growing grapes. Again Riesling wines are produced predominantly.
- Winninger Brückstück
From this position the stones were broken for the Koblenz Baldwin Bridge and transported on ships to Koblenz. Because today still remembers the name of this location. In the Chamber of Agriculture Rheinland -Pfalz it is conducted under the grape layer number 440 535. Apart from the Devonian shales determine Bimssteinanteile the ground. The pumice was deposited during an eruption of the Laacher See volcano as Eruptivasche about 12000-13000 years ago. This resulted in highly water- permeable soils. The vineyard is oriented towards the south and south-south -east. Riesling grapes are grown mostly in the terraced vineyards.
- Winninger Röttgen
The name of the Winninger Röttgen is derived " clear " of. It operates as a single vineyard with the number 440 539 and is located in the south- southeast. The wines are cultivated here exclusively in terracing. The soil contains shale from the Devonian and quartzite veins and Lössanteile that are permanently flushed from the upper slope areas. The loess buffers the pH and thus protects the soil from acidosis.
All Winninger vineyards belong to the major site wine witch.
Another important economic factor is tourism, which benefits from the ship pier and the highly frequented by Dutch visitors nearby campsite.
Airfield Koblenz- Winningen
The airfield Koblenz- Winningen is used by both sport pilots as well as business customers. The police helicopter squadron of Rhineland- Palatinate is stationed there.
Sons and daughters of the town
- August Horch (1868-1951), Autobaupionier
- Gottlob Jacobi (1770-1823), entrepreneur
- Lothar Krall (1924-2000), politician
- Horst Schulze (1939 - ), Hotelier of the Century (former CEO of Ritz- Carlton, now president of the West Paces Hotel Group )
Winningen from the other bank of the Moselle
Looking for Weinhexbrunnen direction Moselle
The Weinhexbrunnen is the center of the Mosel Festival
Romanesque bell tower of the Evangelical Church
Marketplace with the festival stage