2009 Formula One season
The Formula 1 2009 season was the 60th FIA Formula 1 World Championship. She was discharged through 17 races in the period from 29 March to 1 November.
- 5.1 Australian Grand Prix
- 5.2 Malaysian Grand Prix
- 5.3 Grand Prix of China
- 5.4 Grand Prix of Bahrain
- 5.5 Grand Prix of Spain
- 5.6 Grand Prix of Monaco
- 5.7 Grand Prix of Turkey
- 5.8 Grand Prix of Great Britain
- 5.9 Grand Prix of Germany
- 5:10 Grand Prix of Hungary
- 5:11 European Grand Prix
- 5:12 Grand Prix of Belgium
- 5:13 Grand Prix of Italy
- 5:14 Singapore Grand Prix
- 5:15 Grand Prix of Japan
- 5:16 Grand Prix of Brazil
- 5:17 Grand Prix of Abu Dhabi
- 8.1 Drivers' Championship
- 8.2 Constructors' Championship
In the 2009 season took place just 17 Grands Prix instead of the originally planned 19. The Grand Prix of Germany has now been discharged within the agreed rotation at the Nürburgring; also rotates from 2009, the venue for the Grand Prix of Japan, which was therefore first held since 2006 in Suzuka held in Fuji. As a debut it was on 1 November in Abu Dhabi on a 5.5 km long course the Grand Prix of Abu Dhabi.
The French Grand Prix at Magny -Cours was initially provided in the racing calendar, was canceled a week later. Reasons were the lack of infrastructure and declining audience interest. The discharged since 1978 Canadian Grand Prix at the Circuit Gilles -Villeneuve also accounted for. The Government of Canada had made efforts after the surprising cancellation about the Grand Prix still be saved, but without success.
Since 1997 ( slicks ) is first driven back with the banned in the meantime slicks. Of the four different degrees of hardness " super soft ", " soft", " medium" and " hard" are two mixtures for selection per race. In a race both available types of tires must be used with the softer compound is characterized by green lines on the tire walls. Starting this season, there are major differences between the mixtures used as a hardness between the two types of tire must be. In addition, the energy recovery system KERS is introduced and the aerodynamics of the cars must be largely curtailed. Specifically, lateral parts such as air deflectors, air fireplaces and other auxiliary wings are prohibited. The rear wing is mounted much higher on the car and be much narrower, the front wing is broadened, however. The FIA hopes that this measure significantly more overtaking maneuvers, which were previously difficult, at least because of the complex aerodynamics of the vehicles. The air turbulence of a preceding vehicle racing car had a previously negative effect on the aerodynamic stability of his own car and thus prevented a risk-free pre eyes to the opponent. According to many experts, such as Mario Theissen, however, the disadvantage caused by the reduction of the contact pressure on the aerodynamics in the lap time (it has been a decline in the output levels of around 20 percent compared to the previous year ) by the reintroduction of slick tires compensated.
A rules - change concerns the underbody of the cars. The turbulence in the lee of the vehicles should be minimized to facilitate the drafting and thus overtaking. Through skillful interpretation of the rules, the teams Brawn GP, Toyota and Williams F1 Racing developed the double diffuser. This advantage has been strongly criticized by the other teams and was the subject of several hearings before the FIA Court of Appeal, which eventually declared him legally.
Moreover, the number of available per driver per season motors is limited to eight. This means that the duty period of the engines de facto from two to three races is increased. The exchange procedure within these eight engines is optional for the team.
The closure of the pit lane at the beginning of a Safety Car period was reversed - Furthermore, the FIA returning to the safety car rules most recently in 2006 valid decided. This season, the pilots may therefore not hesitate to go to the box again when using the safety car without risking a penalty. The reason for this is the new standard electronics, on the drivers a minimum lap time is displayed in the cockpit. This must not be less than on the way into the box. The closure of the box was introduced in 2007, because many drivers drove into the safety-car phase in the box, since then has been lost due to the speed limits on the least amount of time. Thus, the pit lane was regularly crowded, so the risk of accident was great.
One rule change of the FIA should not, according to how far the driver with the most points, but the one with the most Grand Prix victories at the end of the season are World Champions. After much criticism - particularly from the association FOTA team - moved the FIA, the introduction of new rules to 2010, and during the season this change was finally discarded.
Mercedes -Benz was new engine supplier for Force India and thus replaced the previous Ferrari engines. Additionally, the team was equipped with gearboxes and hydraulic systems of the McLaren Group.
As a result of the global financial and economic crisis of the Honda Group announced on 5 December 2008 for the immediate withdrawal of its Formula 1 teams from the highest class of motorsports known. The former Honda team principal Ross Brawn took over in March 2009 the team through a so-called management buy -out, which participated as Brawn GP Formula One team in the 2009 season.
Were affected by the crisis, other teams, among others, by the withdrawal of top sponsors. So clearly was the Williams team shortly before the insolvency. This one, however, turned off, with the support of F1 promoter Bernie Ecclestone.
David Coulthard said on July 3, 2008 during the Grand Prix of Great Britain announced his retirement from Formula 1 Red Bull takes his place at the German Sebastian Vettel one who drove in 2008 for the sister team Toro Rosso. Vettel in turn will be replaced at Toro Rosso by the Swiss F1 debutant Sebastien Buemi. The four top teams McLaren, Ferrari, BMW Sauber and Renault the driver pairings remain the same - as with Toyota, Williams and Force India. Also in the former Honda team continued Jenson Button and Rubens Barrichello F1 record starters will be sitting in the cockpit after the takeover.
Before the Hungarian Grand Prix, the French Toro Rosso driver Sébastien Bourdais was replaced by the Spaniard Jaime Alguersuari, who is the youngest driver in Formula 1 history at age 19.
After Felipe Massa had an accident during qualifying for the Hungarian Grand Prix and had suffered in injury to former world champion Michael Schumacher agreed to stand in for Massa. He had, however, because of severe neck pain resulting from an injury in a motorcycle accident, cancel his comeback on time. Why Massa was initially replaced by the test and reserve driver of Ferrari, Luca Badoer. However, since this was not convincing, Giancarlo Fisichella was committed for the remaining five races as a driver for Massa's car. Fisichella announced at the same time to end his career after 2009 and 2010 to work as a reserve driver for Ferrari. The cockpit of the Italian Fisichella at Force India took over compatriot Vitantonio Liuzzi, who was most recently at the 2007 Scuderia Toro Rosso as a regular driver in use.
Teams and Drivers
1 Brawn waived a formal presentation. The BGP 001 was shown on March 6 the first time.
Grand Prix of Australia
The Australian Grand Prix at Albert Park Circuit in Melbourne was held on 29 March 2009 and received over a distance of 58 laps of 5.303 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 307.574 km.
The qualification dominated the first cars of the new Brawn team. Jenson Button secured the pole position in 1:26.202 minutes ahead of Rubens Barrichello. In the race, they continued this achievement and celebrated a double victory - the second place of Barrichello was, however, by the failure of Sebastian Vettel ( Red Bull ) and Robert Kubica ( BMW Sauber ) favored. Place three reached Jarno Trulli (Toyota ); after a racing circuit imposed 25 - second penalty for overtaking during the safety car period just before the race was later withdrawn. The started from 18th World Champion Lewis Hamilton, who had initially inherited third place, was disqualified for an intentional deception. He drove into the safety-car phase first at the slightly wayward off the track Trulli past and let this happen again. This was the occasion for the 25 -second time penalty. However, Hamilton conceal his own passing maneuver before the race committee. Sébastien Buemi, the first Swiss Grand Prix starter in Formula 1 since 1995, finished second in his debut race in seventh place and overtook two championship points. The fastest lap of the race Nico Rosberg drove in 1:27,706 minutes.
Sebastian Vettel collided three laps from the end to the second position lying with Robert Kubica, which both dropped out of the race. The race stewards came to believe that Vettel was cause of the accident, and killed him a transfer back to ten starting positions for the next Grand Prix. Red Bull was covered with an additional fine of $ 50,000, because it had its driver does not rely after the accident with Kubica to turn off his heavily damaged car, and thus a danger to other took into account.
Grand Prix of Malaysia
The Malaysian Grand Prix at the Sepang International Circuit in Sepang took place on April 5, 2009 and received over a distance of 31 laps of 5.543 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 171.833 km.
The pole position at Sepang secured Jenson Button ( Brawn ) in 1:35,181 minutes before Jarno Trulli in the Toyota. Rubens Barrichello ( Brawn also ) was demoted to nine due to gearbox change five places of four. The big winner at the start was Nico Rosberg ( Williams), who was advanced through the disciplinary transfer of Vettel and Barrichello in fourth position on the grid. He passed before the first corner Trulli, Glock (both Toyota) and Button, and went with it in the lead. Robert Kubica ( BMW Sauber ) remained at the start due to engine problems and had to be first behind the field drive before it failed completely. In the course of the race, compressed the cloud until it started to rain gradually. Some pilots alternated equal to wet tires, which initially proved to be a wrong decision, because of the rain at the beginning was not very strong. Timo Glock was the only change as one to intermediates and was the fastest man on the track. On lap 32 it started to rain heavily, so that almost all the drivers now changed to rain tires - even those who had not recently changed back from rain tires to intermediates and thus had to make an extra stop now. With more and more werdendem rain initially the race director sent the safety car onto the track. After but a few pilots had turned in spite of the reduced pace because of aquaplaning off the track, the race was first interrupted with the red flag and stopped the field behind the Red Flag Line. After some waiting time, it was decided not to start the race again. Since no more 75 percent of the intended race distance had been completed at this time, all placed in the points driver got only half the number of points. Button won ultimately before Heidfeld and Glock and drove the fastest lap of the race ( 1:36,641 minutes).
Grand Prix of China
The Grand Prix of China at the Shanghai International Circuit was held on 19 April 2009 and received over a distance of 56 laps of 5.451 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 305.066 km.
In the qualification Sebastian Vettel in the Red Bull succeeded in 1:36.184 minutes, the second pole position of his career. Behind him started Fernando Alonso in a Renault ahead of Mark Webber ( Red Bull also ). The race started behind the Safety Car because it had rained heavily in the hours before the race. After six laps, the race was released, which spearheaded now both Red Bull cars after an early pit stop by Alonso. Another safety car phase from round 18, which was triggered by an accident between Jarno Trulli (Toyota ) and Robert Kubica ( BMW Sauber ), the beginning of the race easily refueled Red Bull played in the cards. Vettel was able to extend his lead in the further course of further and went on to win unchallenged by his teammate Webber, the championship leader Jenson Button ( Brawn ) was able to wrestle in the battle for second place. The fastest lap of the race turned to the fourth-placed Rubens Barrichello in 1:52.592 minutes.
Grand Prix of Bahrain
The Grand Prix of Bahrain at the Bahrain International Circuit was held on 26 April 2009 and received over a distance of 57 laps of 5.412 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.238 km.
Jarno Trulli (Toyota) secured the pole position with a time of 1:33,431 minutes. Trulli's teammate Timo Glock came to position 2 ( 0.281 ), Sebastian Vettel ( 0.584 ) reached # 3
Grand Prix of Spain
The Spanish Grand Prix at the Circuit de Catalunya took place on 10 May 2009 and received over a distance of 66 laps of 4.655 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 307.104 km.
Grand Prix of Monaco
The Monaco Grand Prix at the Circuit de Monaco took place on 24 May 2009 and went over a distance of 78 laps of 3.340 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 260.520 km.
Grand Prix of Turkey
The Turkey Grand Prix at the Istanbul Park Circuit was held on 7 June 2009 and received over a distance of 58 laps of 5.338 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 309.396 km.
Grand Prix of Great Britain
The Grand Prix of Great Britain at Silverstone Circuit was held on 21 June 2009 and received over a distance of 60 laps of 5.141 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.355 km. Sebastian Vettel clinched an outstanding weekend. With by far the fastest car he drove to the pole position, the fastest lap and led the race unchallenged. Local heroes Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button had to plug in defeats. Hamilton started after a bad qualifying only rank 19, Button had the whole weekend with the tires and missed with sixth place for the first time the podium. The only failures of the race were Heikki Kovalainen and Sebastien Bourdais that collided with each other.
Grand Prix of Germany
The Grand Prix of Germany at the Nürburgring took place on 12 July 2009 and received over a distance of 60 laps of 5.148 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.863 km. Mark Webber was able to enter the first Grand Prix victory of his career.
Grand Prix of Hungary
The Hungarian Grand Prix at the Hungaroring was held on 26 July 2009 and went over a distance of 70 laps of 4.381 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 306.663 km. Mark Webber won the first fastest lap of his career.
Grand Prix of Europe
The European Grand Prix at the Valencia Street Circuit was held on 23 August 2009 and received over a distance of 57 laps of 5.419 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.883 km.
The pole position secured Lewis Hamilton with a time of 1:39,498 minutes ahead of his teammate Heikki Kovalainen and the Brawn drivers Rubens Barrichello. After starting initially saw everything after a double victory for the McLaren drivers out, but Barrichello to overtake Kovalainen at the first pit stop succeeded. Sebastian Vettel fell in the 24th round out due to an engine failure. In the course of the race, Barrichello always kept about four seconds behind Hamilton and it ran between the two increasingly addition to a duel for the victory. However, Hamilton was due to a communication error with its box a round too early for his second pit stop, so that the tires were not yet ready. That cost the British about five seconds then helped Barrichello to guide. Due to the change in circumstances, the Brazilian preferring his own stop stay and now to the finish ahead of Hamilton. McLaren officials said after the race doubts about whether the botched pit stop Hamilton have tasted victory. Thus, Barrichello would have stayed out longer without the misfortune of his opponent and would have thus creates the necessary advantage. Third was Kimi Raikkonen, Heikki Kovalainen had overtaken during the second pit stops.
Grand Prix of Belgium
The Belgian Grand Prix at the Circuit de Spa -Francorchamps was held on 30 August 2009 and received over a distance of 44 laps of 7.004 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.052 km. Giancarlo Fisichella learned the first points for Force India 's first pole.
Grand Prix of Italy
The Grand Prix of Italy at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza took place on 13 September 2009 and received over a distance of 53 laps of 5.793 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 306.720 km.
Singapore Grand Prix
The Singapore Grand Prix on the Marina Bay Street Circuit was held on 27 September 2009 and received over a distance of 61 laps of 5.067 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 309.087 km. The second night race in Formula 1 history was started with Lewis Hamilton and Sebastian Vettel on the front row. However, Nico Rosberg was able to overtake started from the dirty side Vettel before the first corner and take the place behind Hamilton. Like last year, Rosberg had no luck: Because he drove too fast out of the box, he slid across the white line and was given a drive through penalty. As Adrian Sutil and Nick Heidfeld collided, the safety car came almost at the same moment on the track. Rosberg was thus only after the safety car period to the box and fell back. Fernando Alonso was able to benefit as the year of the safety car phase and moved up in the points. During his last pit stop Vettel was then also occupied due to high velocity in the box with a drive-through penalty, dropping from second place to fourth place. Also at the second Red Bull drivers Mark Webber it was not optimal: Ten laps to the brake disc exploded front right, so Webber retired. For safety Toro Rosso took both vehicles in the box, to prevent similar departures. After nearly two hours of racing time Hamilton was then the checkered flag ahead of Timo Glock and Alonso as the winner. Jenson Button was happy with fifth place on important championship points, but he placed a rank behind Vettel and his teammate Rubens Barrichello.
Grand Prix of Japan
The Grand Prix of Japan at the Suzuka International Racing Course was held on October 4, 2009 and received over a distance of 53 laps of 5.807 kilometers for a total of 307.573 kilometers. Red Bull driver Sebastian Vettel was able to pull away from the field quickly. Behind Jarno Trulli and Lewis Hamilton fought long for second place. The battle was not decided until after the pit stops because Trulli could continue for a few more laps in order to overtake Hamilton. In the back of the field, there was some infighting. Heikki Kovalainen collided example, with Adrian Sutil as he attempted to overtake. Exciting the race was again, as an accident of Jaime Alguersuari just before the final exit of the 130R turn had a Safety Car period result. Vettel won the race confidently decide for themselves before Trulli and Hamilton. The Brawn GP driver Jenson Button and Rubens Barrichello were only seventh and eighth. Both were after chaotic qualifying reset to some starting places because they fast sector times drove a yellow flag to get a good lap. Timo Glock could not start due to an accident in qualifying, so that only 19 cars started the race.
Grand Prix of Brazil
The Brazilian Grand Prix took place on 18 October 2009 at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace and went over a distance of 71 laps of 4.309 kilometers for a total of 305.909 kilometers.
Jenson Button took fifth place and to be ahead of Formula 1 world champion. In addition, Brawn GP secured the Constructors' title.
Grand Prix of Abu Dhabi
The Grand Prix of Abu Dhabi took place on 1 November 2009 at the Yas Marina Circuit and went over a distance of 55 laps of 5.554 kilometers for a total of 305.470 kilometers.
This table shows that have achieved better rankings in qualifying in the Team which driver.
This table shows that have achieved better rankings in the race in which Team driver. If a team in a race no driver have come in the standings, this is taken as 0:0.
World Cup ratings
The first eight of each race were awarded points according to the following scheme:
All results were evaluated. Since less than 75 percent of the intended race distance was run in the race in Malaysia because of the racing crash, the first eight were given only one half of the points.