2011 Formula One season
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The Formula 1 2011 season was the 62nd FIA Formula 1 World Championship. She was discharged through 19 races in the period from March 27 to November 27. Sebastian Vettel defended this season, his world title prematurely and became the youngest two -time world champion. It was also possible his Red Bull Racing with Mark Webber to defend as a second driver clinched the Constructors' title.
- 4.1 Australian Grand Prix
- 4.2 Malaysian Grand Prix
- 4.3 Grand Prix of China
- 4.4 Grand Prix of Turkey
- 4.5 Grand Prix of Spain
- 4.6 Grand Prix of Monaco
- 4.7 Canadian Grand Prix
- 4.8 European Grand Prix
- 4.9 Grand Prix of Great Britain
- 4:10 Grand Prix of Germany
- 4:11 Grand Prix of Hungary
- 4:12 Grand Prix of Belgium
- 4:13 Grand Prix of Italy
- 4:14 Singapore Grand Prix
- 4:15 Grand Prix of Japan
- 4:16 Grand Prix of Korea
- 4:17 Grand Prix of India
- 4:18 Grand Prix of Abu Dhabi
- 4:19 Grand Prix of Brazil
- 7.1 Drivers' Championship
- 7.2 Constructors' Championship
The race calendar of the FIA according should be played in the 2011 season, the first time a total of 20 races. New was the Grand Prix of India at the Buddh International Circuit. The Grand Prix of Germany changed according to the annual rotation from the Hockenheimring race on the Nürburgring.
The Bahrain Grand Prix at the Bahrain International Circuit should be driven back to the original and shorter version of the circuit. It was canceled three weeks before the race because of political unrest in the country. The FIA put at their meeting on June 3, 2011 the first of October 30, 2011 as a replacement date is set, a week later, said the chairman of the Bahrain International Circuit, Zayed al - Zayani Rasched, but the Bahrain Grand Prix 2011 final from. In order for the racing calendar consisted of just 19 events.
The minimum weight of the vehicles was raised to 640 kg. Aerodynamic aids ( such as the F-duct ), which can be manually operated or activated by the driver shall be prohibited from the 2011 season. However Allows is an adjustable rear wing, the Drag Reduction System ( DRS). It must be made flatter by the driver when the distance from predefined sections to the vehicle in the driver is less than one second. Outside of the race this resource is permitted anywhere on the track, unless it was due to security concerns on risky passages, such as in the Eau Rouge at Spa -Francorchamps, banned by the FIA. This is to allow more overtaking and a decrease of up to 15 km / h higher top speed. This option is disabled when using the rear light ( "wet track " wet road ). In addition, a gearbox must be used at five instead of four race weekends.
After the FOTA agreed for the previous season on a voluntary renunciation of KERS, the official FIA statutes in force since 2011. Thus KERS can be used by the teams. The old 107- percent rule returned to the Regulations. Drivers who are in qualifying than seven percent slower than the fastest of the first qualifying segment ( Q1) may not participate in the race. However, there is the possibility that under certain circumstances, a start is still authorized.
On 10 December 2010 the section was 39.1 deleted from the FIA regulations. Thus, the existing since 2003 team orders ban was tilted. However, there is still Clause 151.c, the actions to seek to damage the reputation of the sport. This leaves considerable room for interpretation when it comes to team orders, which was also criticized. In the 2010 season, Ferrari was fined because of a team order at the Grand Prix of Germany.
The safety car rules were modified a second time the 2011 season. To facilitate the safety car, the "capture" of the field, the driver already in the last season their speed after proclaiming the safety car phase had to restrict the extent that their lap time increased by at least 40 percent. This speed limit applies now for two rounds instead of one. The traffic light at the end of the pit lane will also be switched only when a race is interrupted to red. So far, the traffic was switched to every safety car phase to red if the field drove past on the start -finish straight at the pit lane. In addition to pilots, traveling in safety-car phase of the box, can perform a tire change. An exception is the case when the start -finish straight is blocked and the race director decides to let go the Safety Car and the driver's field through the pit lane.
To prevent an aerodynamic effect exhaust gases on the diffuser, may by a three-stage program designed
- The engine management between qualifying and the race will not be changed since the European Grand Prix,
- Receive flow since the Grand Prix of Great Britain, the diffuser not "hot" exhaust (there must be no fuel is injected ),
- Receive flow from 2012, the diffuser not "cold" exhaust.
Lotus released the valid until 2012 contract with Cosworth as an engine supplier in late 2010 and 2011 receives engines from Renault for the season. The Russian sports car manufacturer Marussia took over large portions of Virgin. The company entered 2011 as the title sponsor and the team was renamed Marussia Virgin Racing. The Luxembourg investment group Genii Capital has acquired the remaining shares in the Renault F1 team by the French automobile manufacturer Renault and is now the sole owner of the racing team. In addition, the Group Lotus joined them as title sponsor, to which the team was renamed Lotus Renault GP.
In early 2010 the FIA wrote the starting point for a 13th Formula 1 team again. On this starting place to Epsilon Euskadi, Durango and Stefan Grand Prix competed. In addition there ART Grand Prix and the Cypher group had advertised, but they withdrew their applications later. In July it was announced that the former Formula 1 World Champion Jacques Villeneuve had made an application which he further pursued jointly with Durango. In September, however, the FIA decided against an extension of the grid.
During the season, in the run-up to the Grand Prix of Great Britain, Ferrari team changed its name from Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro back to Scuderia Ferrari. The cigarette brand was removed after protests from anti-tobacco organizations from the name.
Nick Heidfeld Sauber left after the 2010 season and was initially without Cockpit for the 2011 season. After Renault driver Robert Kubica was seriously injured in a rally and long term turned out, the team undertook Heidfeld as a substitute. In the second half of the season Heidfeld was finally replaced by Bruno Senna. Vitantonio Liuzzi Moreover joined the team and took 2011 for HRT in Formula 1 part. Liuzzi originally had a contract with his former team Force India. The contract, however, was resolved before the season.
A total of three pilots changed from the GP2 to Formula 1 Pastor Maldonado, who had won the champion of the GP2 Series 2010 for the Rapax Team, was taken from Williams under contract. Sergio Pérez, vice-champion of the GP2 Series, moved from Barwa Addax GP2 team to Sauber. Pérez was also sponsored by Ferrari from 2011 onwards. Jérôme D' Ambrosio, who in 2010 was starting to become Twelfth DAMS GP2 series, in 2011 received a master cockpit at Virgin. D' Ambrosio had participated in 2010 for Virgin at several Friday practice at Formula 1. Moreover received with Paul di Resta at Force India, another driver who had taken part in Friday practice, a cockpit in Formula 1 Di Resta was the reigning champion of the DTM, in which he had been a factory driver from Mercedes. For the ninth race Daniel Ricciardo rose in parallel with its involvement in the World Series by Renault at HRT as a regular driver in the Formula 1.
With a racer Narain Karthikeyan returned to Formula 1. Karthikeyan was last 2005 regular driver in Formula 1 in 2010 joined the racing driver in the Super League Formula.
After Nico Hulkenberg Williams had lost his cockpit, he took over in 2011, the test driver position at Force India. A similar change occurred Bruno Senna, who was from HRT use pilots for Renault test driver. He changed during the season at the Grand Prix of Belgium to use the cockpit of Renault. Pedro de la Rosa Sauber had already left during the 2010 season and at first was test driver for the tire manufacturer Pirelli, returned to McLaren and again took over the position of the test driver. De la Rosa held this position already from 2003 to 2009. After Sauber for the Grand Prix of Canada in the short term a representation for the injured Pérez needed, de la Rosa stepped in and took over the Sauber cockpit for this Grand Prix weekend. Karun Chandhok, who lost his HRT strain cockpit already during the 2010 season, 2011 was active as a test driver for Lotus. In addition, he participated as a race driver at the Grand Prix of Germany. Sakon Yamamoto replaced Chandhok HRT in 2010, changed as a test driver for Virgin. Lucas di Grassi of Virgin joined as a development driver for the tire manufacturer Pirelli.
Since the 2011 season, Pirelli exclusive supplier of tires to Formula 1 teams after the previous exclusive supplier Bridgestone announced to retire. The color of the lettering underneath the tires Tyre Type: Rain tires (orange), Intermediate ( light blue), slicks: super soft ( red), soft ( yellow), medium ( white), hard ( silver). In driving and long-term behavior, the tires differ from their predecessors ( build increasingly apparent ); also is a sign of strong abrasion in many places on the route more rubber off the racing line to see than in 2010.
Teams and Drivers
On 3 November 2010 the racing calendar of the FIA was confirmed. The planned March 13 opening race, the Bahrain Grand Prix in 2011, was canceled on 21 February because of political turmoil. On 3 June, the World Motor Sport Council, however, decided to catch the race in October. On June 10, 2011, the chairman of the Bahrain International Circuit, Zayed al - Zayani Rasched, announced that the Bahrain Grand Prix is finally canceled in 2011.
Grand Prix of Australia
The Australian Grand Prix at Albert Park Circuit was held on 27 March 2011 and received over a distance of 58 laps of 5.303 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 307.574 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the season opener from pole position starting and had the lead for only three rounds of Lewis Hamilton, who eventually was second, exits. Vitaly Petrov scored his first podium in third - placement and Paul di Resta took tenth place in the debut his first point in Formula 1
While the first three drivers drove in the race over long distances alone, formed in the other points ranking several duels with changes of position on the track and in the pits.
After the race, the Sauber drivers Sergio Perez and Kamui Kobayashi, the seven and eight came on the squares to the finish were disqualified because their rear wings were illegal.
For both HRT drivers, the Grand Prix weekend was complete after qualifying because they failed due to the re-imported 107- percent rule.
Grand Prix of Malaysia
The Malaysian Grand Prix at the Sepang International Circuit was held on 10 April 2011 and received over a distance of 56 laps of 5.543 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 310.408 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of Jenson Button and Nick Heidfeld. With the victory, Vettel solidified their lead at the World Cup continues.
Vettel kept on the lead from the start and lost it for a short time after his pit stops. In the rest of the field, however, several duels and position change took place. This was partly because the driver chose different tire strategies.
After the race, Fernando Alonso and Lewis Hamilton were each given a 20 -second time penalty. Alonso sixth place remained unchanged, Hamilton dropped from seventh to eighth. Alonso received the penalty, since he had ascended in a duel with Hamilton on the vehicle, Hamilton was penalized for frequent lane changes in a duel against Alonso.
Grand Prix of China
The Grand Prix of China at the Shanghai International Circuit was held on April 17, 2011 and received over a distance of 56 laps of 5.451 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 305.066 km.
Lewis Hamilton scored his first win of the season ahead of Sebastian Vettel and Mark Webber.
A total of six drivers led to the Grand Prix. Since the drivers used dissimilar strategies and thus possessed different good tires, took place in the race some overtaking between the pilots.
In the final stage of the Grand Prix there was because of the tire differences in some position change at the top of the field. Hamilton overtook one after Jenson Button, Nico Rosberg and Felipe Massa and was on the second position behind Vettel. A few laps from the end, he managed to overtake Vettel and to take the lead. Webber, who went from the 18th starting position in the race, decreed end of the race also on better tires and finally managed to drive right up to third place.
Grand Prix of Turkey
The Turkey Grand Prix at the Istanbul Park Circuit was held on May 8, 2011 and received over a distance of 58 laps of 5.338 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 309.396 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of team- mate Mark Webber and Fernando Alonso.
The race was marked by several pit stops, as most pilots put on a four -stop strategy. Vettel controlled the race from pole position and was starting a round of not only pit stop due to lead. While Webber and Alonso dueled for second place behind Vettel, there was a larger gap to fourth place.
Due to different levels tires and the use of the Drag Reduction System ( DRS ), several overtaking occurred in the race.
Grand Prix of Spain
The Spanish Grand Prix at the Circuit de Catalunya took place on 22 May 2011 and received over a distance of 66 laps of 4.655 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 307.104 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of the McLaren driver Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button.
At the start took over Alonso, who went from fourth place on the grid, the lead and he claimed this even after the first pit stops. Then succeeded Vettel to take the lead and he drove to the end of the race against Hamilton for the win. In addition to the two leaders only Button and Mark Webber were on the lead lap to the finish. Alonso had especially with the harder tire problems and finished the race in fifth place.
Nick Heidfeld had after he did not compete in qualifying due to a technical defect, going from last place in the race. He showed some overtaking and finally came in eighth place finish. Sergio Pérez, who finished ninth, scored his first points in Formula 1
Grand Prix of Monaco
The Monaco Grand Prix at the Circuit de Monaco took place on 29 May 2011 and received over a distance of 78 laps of 3.340 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 260.520 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of Fernando Alonso and Jenson Button.
In qualifying, Sergio Pérez had a serious accident in which he had a concussion and bruises incurred. He fell as a result of the race.
In the race, Vettel, Button and Alonso sat early from the rest of the field and took out a big lead. After a safety car phase middle of the race to build the three pilots who were each on different boxes strategies, again from.
In the closing stages of the race, there was an accident of Vitaly Petrov, who led a race interruption. Petrov was brought to safety in a hospital but was not seriously injured.
Grand Prix of Canada
The Canadian Grand Prix at the Circuit Gilles -Villeneuve took place on 12 June 2011 and received over a distance of 70 laps of 4.361 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 305.270 km.
Jenson Button won the race ahead of Sebastian Vettel and Mark Webber.
The race had a total duration of over four hours because heavy rains had led to a more than two-hour interruption in the race in the 25th round. It was then - as it was in the beginning - started behind the safety car. Both the start and the restart Pole sitter Vettel had the lead confidently defended and expanded continuously. With a drying track and another of numerous safety car periods won the race again at the end of stress. In the last round button was finally able to catch the leaders after a furious comeback. Through two collisions and a drive-through penalty Button was six times been in the box and in the meantime fallen back end of the field, while Vettel only three times stopped to change tires and had always led the race with the exception of the 20th round.
In the Grand Prix, some records were set.
Grand Prix of Europe
The European Grand Prix at the Valencia Street Circuit was held on 26 June 2011 and received over a distance of 57 laps of 5.419 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.883 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of Fernando Alonso and Mark Webber.
In an uneventful for the ratios of these races Vettel won the sixth victory in the eighth race of the season. Considering his two second places, it was the most successful season ever start to a Formula 1 driver. Only Alonso and Webber fought on the pit strategy a close battle for second place.
It reached all 24 riders started the goal, this represents a new record in Formula 1 history
Grand Prix of Great Britain
The Grand Prix of Great Britain at Silverstone Circuit was held on 10 July 2011 and received over a distance of 52 laps of 5.891 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 306.227 km.
Fernando Alonso won the race ahead of Sebastian Vettel and Mark Webber. He won the first victory of the season for Scuderia Ferrari.
The race started in wet conditions. However, the track dried during the race, so that the driver nor changed in the first half of the race on slicks.
Vettel took the lead from Webber at the start and lost it again in a faulty pit stop Alonso. In the further course of the race, he failed to catch his opponent again.
Grand Prix of Germany
The Grand Prix of Germany at the Nürburgring took place on 24 July 2011 and received over a distance of 60 laps of 5.148 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.863 km.
Lewis Hamilton won the race ahead of Fernando Alonso and Mark Webber. The race took place under dry conditions throughout.
The first three pilots changed during the race more often their positions and were mostly within striking distance of their opponents. Behind them formed a larger gap and there were only three other pilots within the lead lap to the finish.
Sebastian Vettel finished the race for the first time in the season not on the first two positions and only came in fourth place finish.
Grand Prix of Hungary
The Hungarian Grand Prix at the Hungaroring was held on 31 July 2011 and received over a distance of 70 laps of 4.381 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 306.663 km.
Jenson Button won the Grand Prix before Sebastian Vettel and Fernando Alonso. It was Buttons 200th Grand Prix start.
The race was marked by changing weather conditions. At the start of the track was that drivers started on intermediates so wet. Then the track dried and the driver switched to slicks. In the second half of the race there was another rain shower, but brought a change back to intermediates at this stage no advantage.
Lewis Hamilton, who scored the most laps led, spun in the lead, started in the second half of the race to a wrong strategy and had to do a drive-through penalty. He finally came in fourth place finish.
Grand Prix of Belgium
The Belgian Grand Prix at the Circuit de Spa -Francorchamps was held on 28 August 2011 and received over a distance of 44 laps of 7.004 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.052 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of Mark Webber and Jenson Button. Once there were several leadership changes in the initial phase, Vettel controlled the top position in the second half of the race.
Button and Michael Schumacher, who celebrated his 20 -year-old Formula 1 anniversary in this race, some positions made good. Button came from 13th place starting in third place, Schumacher improved from 24th place starting at the fifth position.
Pastor Maldonado scored his first World Championship point in this race.
Grand Prix of Italy
The Grand Prix of Italy at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza took place on September 11, 2011 and went over a distance of 53 laps of 5.793 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 306.720 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of Jenson Button and Fernando Alonso.
Vettel lost the lead from the pole position starting at Alonso. In the fifth round Vettel took the lead and kept it without interruption until the end of the race.
Michael Schumacher gave up on some rounds duel with Lewis Hamilton, the Hamilton finally decided in his favor. The two pilots took places four and five.
Singapore Grand Prix
The Singapore Grand Prix on the Marina Bay Street Circuit was held on September 25, 2011 and went over a distance of 61 laps of 5.067 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.950 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of Jenson Button and Mark Webber. Vettel held the lead throughout and achieved a start - to-finish victory. In midfield, there were some duels that ended in part in collisions.
Vettel and Red Bull -Renault increased its lead in the world championship. Vettel needed at this time only a point to clinch the drivers' world championship.
Grand Prix of Japan
The Grand Prix of Japan at the Suzuka International Racing Course was held on 9th October 2011 and received over a distance of 53 laps of 5.807 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 307.573 km.
Jenson Button won the race ahead of Fernando Alonso and Sebastian Vettel.
The race was marked by some duels and position change. First, Vettel was leading the race until he lost the lead to Button in the middle section of the race. In the final phase, the front pilot moved closer together to shifts was no longer, however.
Vettel handed third place to prematurely decide the drivers' world championship. He thus became the youngest double world champion in Formula 1
Grand Prix of Korea
The Grand Prix of Korea on the Korean International Circuit was held on October 16, 2011 and received over a distance of 55 laps of 5.615 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 308.630 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the Grand Prix ahead of Lewis Hamilton and Mark Webber.
Vettel took over from second place starting in the early stages of the race the lead from Hamilton and then was always before him.
Red Bull -Renault decided in this race the constructors' championship ahead of itself.
Grand Prix of India
The Grand Prix of India at the Buddh International Circuit was held on 30 October 2011 and went over a distance of 60 laps of 5.125 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 307.249 km.
Sebastian Vettel won the race ahead of Jenson Button and Fernando Alonso.
Vettel led the race from pole position at starting consistently and also set the fastest race lap. He scored a Grand Slam.
Grand Prix of Abu Dhabi
The Grand Prix of Abu Dhabi at the Yas Marina Circuit was held on 13 November 2011 and received over a distance of 55 laps of 5.554 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 305.470 km.
Lewis Hamilton won the race ahead of Fernando Alonso and Jenson Button.
The launching of the pole position Sebastian Vettel retired on the first lap because he had suffered a puncture in the first turns. Hamilton led the race pit stop then adjusted consistently to.
Mark Webber scored for the sixth time the fastest lap, thus securing clinched the DHL Fastest Lap Award.
Grand Prix of Brazil
→ Main article: Brazilian Grand Prix 2011
The Grand Prix of Brazil at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace was held on 27 November 2011 and received over a distance of 71 laps of 4.309 km, which corresponds to a total distance of 305.909 km.
Sebastian Vettel secured in qualifying his 15th pole position of the season, breaking the record set by Nigel Mansell in the season 1992. Mansell had once achieved 14 pole positions from 16 races.
Mark Webber scored in this race his first win of the season ahead of Vettel and Jenson Button.
Vettel held the lead at the start, but the race had problems with his gear, which is why he could not keep behind Webber.
This table shows that have achieved better rankings in qualifying in the Team which driver.
This table shows that have achieved better rankings in the race in which Team driver. If a team in a race no driver have come in the standings, this is taken as 0:0.
World Cup ratings
World Champion will be the one driver or designer who has accumulated up to the end of the season the most points in the World Championship. The distribution of points, the placings in the overall results of each race are taken into account. The ten top-ranked riders in each race will receive points according to the following scheme: