The eight ( 8 short ) is the largest and fastest boat in class rowing.
- 3.2.1 Olympic Games
- 3.2.2 World Championships
- 5.1 The Olympic Games
- 5.2 World Championships
A racing roller is about 17 meters long and about 55 centimeters wide. The specifications of the FISA provide for a minimum weight of 96 kg for racing eights.
He has eight boom - four on each side. Traditional rowing the batsman on the portside. Meanwhile, the boom is arranged according to the individual skills of the Boating Party ( geriggert ), that is, the batsman can row on the starboard side. Occasionally, an Italian Riggerung is driven (also twins ), this two row directly behind the other seated team members on the same page.
All new roller possess a so-called point of separation that divides the boat into two halves. Meanwhile, the FISA writes even suggests that a rollercoaster of participating in an international regatta, necessarily needs to be and no part divisible may be longer than 11.90 meters.
At the bow there is the Bugball, who is responsible for a slight collision, that the boat is not damaged. Also located there starting number holder, in this the start number is inserted at a regatta.
The controller takes the control man holding a rope in his hands, which is connected to the control that is attached mostly at the sword.
FISA requires that the helmsman has to sit in the rear. The weight distribution advantage and the stability of the boat would not be much improved by sitting in the bow helmsman. Moreover, it would in an accident constitute a major threat to the helmsman as a rollercoaster over 20 kilometers per hour goes fast.
One of the most famous race is the Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge, which has been around since 1829. The race takes place on the River Thames in London and is 6779 meters long. For the distance they need about 19 minutes. At the moment ( April 2013 ) leads Cambridge (81 wins) before Oxford ( 77 wins).
Another well-known race, the competition for the Grand Challenge Cup at the Henley Royal Regatta near Henley-on -Thames. The track is 1 mile and 550 yards ( 2112 meters ) long. Because of the small width of the regatta course, only two boats can compete against each other. 2010 and 2011 Germany won ahead of Great Britain
In Germany held the rudder Bundesliga to five or six weekends a year. Here sprint the roller at a distance of 350 meters. For men, there are two leagues, with the women there is only one league. In the last three years of Crefelder Rowing Club in 1883 each won the championship in the men's and the Hamburg Alster eight for women. Since 2011 there is also a Junior League.
The roller is driven at the Olympic Games since 1900. In the first two Olympic Games won the U.S., this was only completed by the UK in 1908. At the games in 1912 Great Britain also won.
As of 1920, the United States won the gold medal eight times, this only ended by Germany at the Olympic Games in 1960. The aft Germany was trained by Karl Adam, a regatta is never self driven. This was also the first time that a boat was under 6 minutes at the 2000 - meter Olympic distance. Second place went to Canada, the USA finished only fifth place.
Four years later, the United States brought back the gold medal. Germany ended up in second place. This time both needed aft considerably more than six minutes.
In 1968 the Germany of eight gold again, just ahead of Australia: The team of Karl Adam was about nine-tenths faster than the Australians.
At the Olympic Games in Munich in 1972 for the first time New Zealand won the eighth. Second were the United States, before the GDR. The FRG was fifth. The competitions were held at the Rowing Course.
The then reigning Olympic champion landed in Montreal in 1976 only in third place. Second was Great Britain, according to the DDR. The FRG was fourth.
The 1980 Olympics in Moscow were boycotted by many Western countries. Therefore, large aft nations such as Australia and the USA took part not, even though they had qualified. The games took place in spite of the boycott. The East won the final, ahead of Great Britain and the Soviet Union.
The boycott of many Western states for the Olympic Games in 1980 also led to the boycott of many Eastern Bloc countries to the Games in 1984 in Los Angeles. The DDR - aft, as well as the Soviet roller did not participate in the games, even though they had qualified. It eventually won the Canadian eighth, ahead of the USA and Australia. New Zealand was fourth, ahead of the UK.
Four years later in Seoul West Germany won with batsman Bahne Rabe. Silver was the Soviet Union, the United States occupied bronze. Places four, five and six were occupied by Britain, Australia and Canada.
In Barcelona, the Germany was eighth ( and Others occupied with Bahne Rabe and Roland Baar ) defeated by Canada and Romania. The race could decide Canada with about one-tenth advantage for themselves. Places four, five and six were occupied by the U.S., Australia and Canada.
At the Olympic Games in Sydney won the UK, ahead of Australia and Croatia. Germany had not qualified for the Games. The U.S. occupied the fifth place. The Netherlands was in the B-final second ( eighth place overall ), ahead of Russia and Canada.
The regatta during the 2004 games were played on the Olympic Rowing and Canoeing Centre Schinias. The U.S. won after a long time the gold medal, ahead of the Netherlands and Australia. Germany finished fourth, ahead of Canada.
At the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, the competitions were held on the Olympic Rowing - Canoeing Park, Shunyi. The Olympic champion from 2004 ended up in 2008 at the third place. First was Canada, in the United Kingdom. Germany was in the B-final second, after China.
For the 2012 Olympic Games in London had until April 2012 Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Poland, the Netherlands and Ukraine qualified. These were seven of the eight quota places for the games. The last place was awarded from 20 to 23, 2012 in Lucerne. A total of 72 athletes who participated in the eight - race. The Olympic final on 1 August at the Dorney Lake Germany won ahead of Canada and Great Britain.
For men, Germany, the reigning world champion, followed by the UK and Canada. The first race was held in Lucerne at the first World Rowing Championships in 1962. At that time, the aft of the Federal Republic of Germany won against the Soviet Union and France.
For women, the rollercoaster was held for the first time at the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal. It won the German Democratic Republic, before the Soviet Union and the United States. Since then, the roller is in the women uninterrupted there.
Reigning Olympic champion is the U.S., followed by the Netherlands and Romania. Germany was first in the B final ( seventh place overall ).
For the 2012 Olympic Games in London until April 2012, the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Romania and the Netherlands had qualified. These are five of the seven positions for the race. The last two places are awarded as the men's eight in Lucerne. A total of 63 athletes will participate in the eight - race. The final will be held on August 2, near Eton.
Champion of women are the U.S., followed by Canada and the UK. Germany was in the B-final second, after which Ukraine (Total: eighth place ). The first race took place in introducing women's race at the World Rowing Championships in 1974 in Lucerne. It won the German Democratic Republic, before the Soviet Union and Romania.
European champions will be extended after a long interruption since 2007. Current European Champion (May 2012), Poland, in the Czech Republic and Ukraine. Germany was sixth.
In the women 's Romania, in Belarus and Ukraine European champions.
The table lists the nations with Olympic medals in the men's eight on since the inaugural tournament in 1900.
The table lists the nations with Olympic medals in the women's eight on since the inaugural tournament in 1976.
This table shows the countries with medal success in the men's eight dar. since the first World Rowing Championships in 1962
This table shows the countries with medal success in the women's eight since the first held at the World Rowing Championships in 1974 dar.
The Gigachter is a gig - boat, which is rowed with straps or Skulls. Due to the width and the very high compared to the racing roller weight Gigachter found mainly in the popular sports, such as on hiking trips, use.