Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film
The Oscar for the best short film has been awarded since 1932. Over the decades, the category has undergone several changes. From 1932 to 1935 two prizes for short films were awarded, where comedies (comedy ) and other topics ( novelty ) were distinguished. From 1936 to 1957 division of the category was abandoned for content, two prizes for short films instead were awarded with different maturities: one- reeler with a duration up to 15 minutes and two- reeler with a term to about 30 minutes. In addition, in 1936 and 1937, when the new Technicolor process made its triumphant, prizes for the best short films in color assigned.
Since 1958, a prize for short films will only be awarded. In addition, also exists since 1932 a category for animated short films and since 1942 a category for best documentary short film. After 1972, the Mexican film Centinelas del silencio was awarded both best short film, as well as Best Short Documentary, the rules were changed so that only short films can still be nominated in one category.
While in the first decades of short films were an integral part of film programs, they are now mainly performed at short film festivals. Therefore - unlike the Academy Awards for feature-length films - not only short films, which have been performed publicly in Los Angeles, will be nominated, but also films that were awarded at selected film festivals, as well as winners of the Student Academy Awards. As short films are films with a duration of less than 40 minutes. Until 1988, only the producers of the Oscar was awarded for the best short film ever since, up to two persons are named as winners ( director and producer ).
Films have qualified in the following year of its publication for an Oscar. The table below shows the winners after the year of the award are ordered.
Michael Creagh for The Crush Ivan Goldschmidt for Na Wewe Ian Barnes and Samantha Waite for Wish 143